Banking Teacher Resources
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Banking 11: A reserve bank
Exploring a world with more than one bank, Sal illustrates the balance sheets of each fictional bank, as well as explaining the possible problems that could result with inconsistent reserve ratios requirements. The video details how one bank run can affect everyone, creating "a weak link in the chain" of commerce.
Banking 8: Reserve Ratios
Addressing the concept of reserve ratios, Sal outlines the necessity and purpose of regulating the reserves within the banking system. He describes how an ideal banking system stays liquid, whereas a chaotic banking system might experience a bank run. This video would be ideal in an economics lecture, or even in a history class addressing the bank runs during the Great Depression.
Banking 15: More on the Fed Funds Rate
Going deeper into the concept of the Federal Funds Rate, this video guides viewers through the process of inter-bank lending, much like the previous video (Banking 14). Sal's easygoing approach is simple to understand and fun to watch.
Banking 14: Fed Funds Rate
With bright, simple diagrams, Sal explains the role of the Federal Reserve as it relates to lending rates between banks. He discusses open market operations and the way the "Fed" connects to Congress and the U.S. Government.
Banking 6: Bank Notes And Checks
Why carry around a heavy suitcase full of gold when you can write a check to your neighbor in the village? Sal's village banks flourishes in this video with the introduction of checks, demonstrating how a check essentially works. While this video is helpful for those interested in economics, anyone who is about to gain access to a checking account could use the lesson provided here.
Banking 12: Treasuries (government debt)
Taking viewers through the process of creating a reserve bank (Federal Reserve), Sal introduces the idea of government involvement in modern banking. Additionally, he explains the obligation of the government to cover the reserves, and why bonds issued by the government are risk-free.
Banking 13: Open Market Operations
Posing a central question about how the economy can increase or decrease its money supply (5:00), Sal launches into a discussion about an expanding, or "elastic" money supply that can change along with its economy. Viewers will finally be able to understand how money can be "expensive" and how the process relates to the Federal Reserve Bank.
Banking 3: Fractional Reserve Banking
With just 1000 pieces of fictional gold, Sal takes viewers through the process of fractional reserve banking. He explains how deposits made into a bank can be both assets and liabilities, and the role of having reserves. Additionally, he demonstrates the multiplier effect to show how the modern banking system is sustained.
Banking 2: A bank's income statement
Using his example of a growing village bank, Sal (the narrator) explains the ins and outs of the banking business, mostly from the perspective of the banker. This point of view can be helpful for people who see the bank as an institution that simply holds money, without considering the costs and liabilities of said institution.
As an introduction to the institution and function of banks in society, this video walks viewers through the concept of banking with colorful annotations and simplified narration. The lecture evolves naturally into a discussion about interest and investments, as well as identifying assets and liabilities. Social Studies and economics pupils will enjoy this straightforward and intuitive approach to modern banking.
Chinese Central Bank Buying Treasuries
The first several minutes of this clip are a review of the hypothetical China-U.S. trade scenario Sal mapped out in previous videos. Then, he begins to further outline how the Yuan can resist appreciation because of interference by the Chinese Central Bank and it's desire to peg the current exchange rate. Learners explore the Chinese government's solution of printing Yuan, exchanging for dollars, and investing in a safe, dollar-denominated liquid asset: U.S. treasuries. He leads economists into considering the impact of large-scale loans from the Chinese government on the US economy and debt.
New! Money in the Piggy Bank
It's time to crack open that piggy bank and see what's inside. First, count up the pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters, identifying what fraction of them are dimes. Then calculate the total value of the coins, writing another fraction for the value of the dimes. A challenging problem that requires students to look at a single group of objects in two very different ways.
Banking 5: Introduction to Bank Notes
Sal explains the concepts of bank notes in this video, leading viewers to the natural conclusion that his illustration looks a lot like a dollar bill - and therefore, one is very much like the other. Wealth creation and the Federal Reserve Bank are two important topics that your class will easily understand after seeing this lecture.
Banking 7: Giving out Loans without Giving out Gold
Can a bank issue endless loans and checking accounts without regard to the amount of money within its walls? Sal addresses this question throughout the lecture, where he introduces the concept of bank regulations - specifically reserve requirements. Viewers consider the perspective of the banking institution to improve their knowledge of economics, but additionally, to make them smarter consumers.
Fractional Reserve Banking Commentary 1
After a short review on the banking process and lending procedures, Sal outlines some of the problems and weaknesses of fractional reserve banking. Additionally, he details the differences between illiquidity and insolvency, as well as how one weak bank in a fractional reserve banking system can make life difficult for an entire economy.
Banking 10: Introduction to leverage (bad sound)
Demonstrating not only the working definition but the mathematical model of financial leverage, Sal shows viewers how leverage can keep a bank safe - or multiply its losses. Particularly helpful for a class session about bank regulation and bad loans, the video differentiates the ideas of issuing bad loans with insolvency.
Banking 9: More on Reserve Ratios (Bad sound)
Viewers learn about the value of liquidity and solvency in this video, which addresses not natural science but banking and finance. Sal explains the value of solvency for a bank, and how it relates to the process of making and receiving loans.
Bailout 7: Bank goes into bankruptcy
Some banks escaped certain disaster with a bailout by the government. But, what about the rest? Sal explains the intricacies and dynamics of a bailout down to the details on a balance sheet. He also provides a thorough definition of bankruptcy through the example of Lehman Brothers.
The Discount Rate
What happens when a bank out lends its reserves? Sal answers this question in a video about the discount rate, explaining that it is for the "lender of last resort" and outlining possible circumstances surrounding the need for such a rate.
Federal Reserve Balance Sheet
With an actual balance sheet from the Federal Reserve (from 2007, before all of the "banking silliness" began to happen), Sal walks viewers through the assets, liabilities, and equity of the Fed. Pupils will be pleased to see how the theories they've studied in class apply directly to the Federal Reserve, and they will be able to put the process of federal banking into a strong context.