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Apply geometric properties and formulae for surface area and volume by constructing a three-dimensional model of a city. Learners use similar and congruent figures and transformations to create a city of at least 10 buildings. They trade with classmates, who calculate surface area and volume of some of the structures. Refers to a Discovery Education video/DVD to support and enrich the project; a link takes you to a website to order it. Charts mentioned are not attached.
Students investigate different types of building structures and how they are able to stand up to earthquakes. Through comparison they determine which buildings are better able to handle earthquakes than others. They create a building, based on specific parameters, out of material assigned to them.
Young scholars experiment with the construction of shelters and the various types of architectural designs. For this shelters lesson, students draw the building they live in. Young scholars compare and contrast buildings made today and made 150 years ago. Students recognize that individual rooms in shelters have changed.
Middle schoolers construct a three-dimensional model of a city using both similar and congruent figures and geometric transformations. City must have at least ten buildings with each building labeled and may be constructed out of paper or modeling clay. A two-dimensional representation, drawn to scale, must be included as well.
Watch this inspiring TED Talk by architect Thomas Heatherwick on the creation of the Seed Cathedral. Heatherwick tells a story of innovation and sustainability through displaying five recent projects his firm has worked on. Your learners will be engaged by the way Heatherwick's firm has approached building construction and will be inspired to learn more. To help the flow of the lesson after learners watch the TED Talk, lead them to do the Think assessment with the support of the Dig Deeper resources and the Discuss question can be answered last or as a homework assignment.
Various websites are visited as a way of stimulating small-group discussions comparing traditional and green buildings. The groups brainstorm characteristics of a green building, interview a professional who is involved with the green building materials industry, research green construction companies, and finally work together to construct a model of a green building. A thorough exploration of sustainable building design for your high schoolers!
Young scholars identify the problems associated with building a structure on permafrost. In this physical science lesson, students investigate how heat and pressure affect the rate of ice melting. They read an article about traditional housing and write an essay that explains why the permafrost underneath the structures did not thaw.
Design and construct buildings with rooftop gardens. Junior engineers work in groups to build two buildings and then perform experiments to determine whether or not a garden affects the building temperatures. They graph and interpret their results. This comprehensive project even incorporates a budgeting worksheet! If you have the time and the space, this well-written, memorable, and educational lesson could be the focal point of an interdisciplinary unit.
Students can explain the causes of a tsunami and its effects. In this tsunami lesson, students create a tsunami generator. Students create waves with a metal plate. students create houses and find which designs last best in a tsunami. Students complete four trial of each building created. Students discuss results.