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Chromosomes Teacher Resources
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Create your own karyotypes with clay in a kinesthetic genome activity. This tactile experience was created for visually impaired pupils, but can be used for all hands-on learners who are beginning to study chromosomes. The preparation directions are intended for teachers of the visually impaired, so adjust as needed for your classes. A reading activity is referenced and so is ddiscussion, but no reading is included, and the discussion information is quite limited.
Students explore chromosome karyotyping. For this chromosome karyotyping lesson plan, students use a chromosome kit to explore chromosome syndromes and disorders. They also produce a large model of a cell with chromosome to simulate cell division, the stages of cell division and the structures of the chromosomes.
After viewing these concise summaries of the common chromosome abnormalities that cause disorders, students' understanding of genetic errors will be much better. This presentation has clear diagrams to accompany the explanations. The slides have information about the genetic problems, but not many details about the disorders themselves.
Nine pages of material on inheritance make up this handout. It begins with a reading on alleles and how they can result in albinism. A chromosome modeling activity and questions follow. Junior geneticists learn to complete Punnett squares and participate in a coin toss simulation of allele pairing. They also learn about sex determination, sickle-cell anemia, and pedigree analysis. This resource provides a variety of activities and information to support several days worth of genetics instruction.
Juvenile geneticists will jive with this imaginative investigation of inheritance in dragons. Six pages begin with a detailed introduction to meiosis and homologous chromosome pairs. Instructions guide learners through a simulation in which they draw craft sticks marked with autosomes in order to decode the genes inherited by the baby dragon. An organized chart is provided, along with critical thinking questions and a partially drawn dragon on which learners will add the inherited traits. This is a gem of a worksheet!
Young scholars review the structure and function of DNA, genes, and chromosomes and are engaged by a demonstration illustrating the relative size of DNA, genes and chromosomes. They also describe through analogy and model the structure and function of DNA, genes, and chromosomes.
High schoolers use this laboratory procedure to outline the mechanism by which salivary glands are removed and prepared so that the polytene chromosomes may be observed.Drosophila virilis is used instead of Drosophila melanogaster because D. virilis is much larger and it is easier to dissect and remove the salivary glands from the larvae of this species.
Assign these 50 questions to your biology class as a review of cell division. Learners will address the cell cycle, cancer cells, cytokinesis, mitosis, meiosis, gene and chromosomal mutations, and karyotypes. The format is user-friendly, leaving room for pupils to write their answers beneath each question. It would be helpful in preparing them for a quiz on cell division concepts.