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Diaphragm Teacher Resources
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Fourth graders identify respiration as the process of taking in oxygen and ridding the body of carbon dioxide. After engaging in the lesson, learners should be able to identify the parts of the respiratory system including; the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs, bronchi, bronchioles, diaphragm, and alveoli. The path of oxygen is traced as it goes through the body, and the danger of inhaling cigarette smoke is discussed,
Students investigate how pollution affects lung health. In this pollution and lung health lesson, students build lung models from a soda bottle and balloons, and then discuss how the emissions from fossil fuels can adversely affect lung health. They determine at least three things that they can do to protect themselves from lung disease.
Children experience their expressive voice through movement. They discover exaggeration in writing by first exaggerating their voices and then their movements. They apply the concept of exaggeration to writing by creative movements that express a list of highly descriptive words. The activity is a wonderful way to actively engage the class prior to a writing lesson.
The procedure for constructing a working model of the respiratory system is revealed in this resource. A wonderful approach would be to have biology learners work in pairs to create a model and write the suggested paragraph explaining how it works. Middle and high schoolers could include the differences in air pressure that are in action. Note that a mentioned puzzle is not included, but the value of this modeling activity is still high.
Students name the main components of the respiratory system. They write a reaction that contains complete sentences, and uses proper spelling and grammar, after viewing a video. Students define the following terms: lungs, respiration, involuntary vs. voluntary, diaphragm, inhalation, and exhalation. They describe how the respiratory system works and why it is important.
This plan has a PowerPoint, and two handouts attached. The concept is to clarify the structure and function of our respiratory system. Your class will like the activity with balloons that demonstrates lung capacity and the model of the diaphragm muscle allowing the lungs to either fill or empty.