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Earthquake Teacher Resources
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Learners gain an overall knowledge of how hot spots within the earth trigger the eruption of volcanoes, and how plate tectonics affect the stability of the earths crust, therefore creating earthquakes. They make connection between the various levels of viscosity and volcanic formation. Upon the conclusion of the experiment, a class discussion will be held to evaluate the various conclusions made by students.
Students discuss major causes of earthquakes and identify famous fault lines, access and map information about ten largest earthquakes in world from 1989 to 1998, and theorize about location of these earthquakes as they relate to Earth's tectonic plates. Students then track current quakes online for one week, and create multimedia presentation describing how and why earthquakes occur.
Sixth graders create straw structures and experiment to see how they would withstand an earthquake. In this Earthquake lesson, 6th graders use increasing vibrations and record the effects on their straw structures. Students discuss which designs withstood the simulated earthquake the best and why.
Fifth graders plot Earthquakes and note how they follow the fault line. For this Earthquake lesson, 5th graders navigate a website and become familiar with the concept that Earthquakes happen along fault lines. Students locate and understand there are different types of fault lines (convergent, divergent,strike-slip)
Challenge your class members to create new compound words. After examining compound words associated with earthquakes, groups select a topic that has some local connection, brainstorm a list of associated words, and invent new compound words for their topic. Background links, a list of related terms, assessments, and an answer key are included with the highly detailed plan.
How is the magnitude of an earthquake measured? How is the intensity of an earthquake measured? What is amplitude in relation to an earthquake? In what country was the largest magnitude earthquake? There is a wealth of information about earthquakes and your learners will definitely want to use their calculators to figure out the answer to some of the questions. It might take more than one class period to cover all the material.
Become a natural-hazard mapper! Your young scientists discuss plate tectonics, map regions of the US where earthquakes are likely to occur, and explore a population density map. Do people avoid living in areas where earthquakes are common? This plan includes several inks to additional sources. There's even a site where your learners can create their own tornado! They'll be thrilled to play around with this game!
Middle schoolers develp an awareness of the frequency of earthquakes in Illinois, and throughout the midwestern states. They study a map that shows the distribution of earthquakes in the region, and view Richter scale data for each occurrence. They show how regional geology is a determining factor in the amount of damage caused by an earthquake, and determine which areas of the midwest are at the highest risk based on their geology.
After reading an article on earthquakes and tsunamis, students answer a series of multiple choice questions about what they have learned. All answers can be found within the article, making this a good way to prepare for reading comprehension questions on a standardized test - or just a good way to practice reading skills.
Students plot the locations of faults and then map recent earthquakes in order to see the relationship between earthquakes and faults. They identify that earthquakes occur along faults at plate boundaries and also, along patches of planar faults that have lengths and widths.
Students devise a plan to prepare a city for an earthquake. In this lesson on earthquakes, students differentiate between the different types of earthquakes, examine the impact they can have on a city, and write a proposal on how to better prepare a city for an earthquake.
Young scholars identify that shaking may result in damage in the form of structural failure, soil liquefaction, and landslides. They also identify that earthquakes can cause damage that disrupts people's lives. Finally, students view a slide show that illustrates more visually the effects of an earthquake, record about them, and discuss their observations.
Students identify and interpret the cyclical nature of the Parkfield, California earthquakes. They then investigate and graph earthquake occurrences on the Mojave segment of the San Andreas fault and then on the Hayward fault in order to see the relationships among fault length, recurrence interval, magnitude, and risk.