Earth's Orbit Teacher Resources

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Sixth graders comprehend that the path Earth takes as it revolves around the sun is called its orbit. They also comprehend that the axis is an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its North and South Poles. Students use models to show the Earth's position to the Sun as it relates to the change in seasons.
Pupils trace the beginning of the heliocentric theory of the solar system--the idea that the solar system revolves around the Sun--to an observation by the Greek astronomer Aristarchus, which convinced him that the Sun was much bigger than the Earth.
Ninth graders explore how Aristarchus used the position of the half-full Moon to estimate the distance to the Sun, and how he made a great error, but still figured out that the Sun is much larger than Earth.
Seventh graders observe the overhead and the globe to show how the sun shines over the northern and southern hemisphere at different times in the earth+++s orbit because of the earth's tilt. They then use vocabulary square outlines on which the teacher will explain this note-taking method and lead students in taking notes as they read the text in class.
After reading about the five main theories explaining the mass extinction of dinosaurs, natural historians diagram a geological timeline, describe how the five factors might have caused mass extinction, and then create a poster of an animal that has recently become extinct. A reading passage and student instructions sheet are included, as well as teacher's notes and a rubric for grading the poster. Although the lesson plan states that it is intended for 10th grade, it really can be used from fifth grade on up.
Learners develop an understanding of our planet as a system by designing a very-long-duration space mission in which the life-support system is patterned after that of earth.
What causes Earth's seasons? Find out through a series of anticipatory questions, an easy yet powerful activity representing the sun-Earth system, a diagram to label, and follow-up questions. Dispel the misconceptions about Earth being closer to or further from the sun through a simple and easy-to-follow lesson.
Young scholars explore satellite orbits and gravitational force.
Students identify landforms created by forces of nature. In this lesson on Earth's surface, students watch a video about the Earth's surface and use satellite images of the United States to identify various changes seem in the surface of the Earth.
If you are looking for an outstanding lesson on the Moon for your budding astronomers, look no further! This outstanding plan is full of wonderful, meaningful activities for your charges to engage in. Pupils will discover why there are different phases of the moon, what the surface of the moon is like, along with many other important aspects of Earth's only satellite.
Looking for a terrific lesson plan on the phases of the moon that has lots of good worksheets? With two excellent websites are embedded in the plan, the activity is sure to spark some interest in your astronomy unit. Some common misconceptions regarding the moon are also put to rest. Your students will be over the moon for this activity!
A fabulous, 11-page packet of worksheets await your young scientists! They use a globe and a light to simulate the rotation of the earth and sun to show the seasons. Additionally, they simulate direct sunlight and indirect sunlight showing intensity of the sun, and answer questions based on their results.
An extensive investigation of the Earth's climate changes awaits your environmental science classes. This top-notch presentation begins by looking at the history of Earth's climate and then predicts the impact on each major terrestrial biome. Information included is comprehensive, easy to read, and includes an array of colorful graphs, diagrams, and photos that bring this urgent topic to life. 
Students build a scale model of the Solar System and determine the time other planets take to travel around the Sun in comparison to the time of the Earth's revolution. The velocity of the planets are also determined in this lesson.
Students identify the different objects that orbit Saturn. In this space science instructional activity, students plot the graph of orbital speed and distance. They explain why planets and asteroids remain in orbit around the sun.
Students investigate the positions of the planets relative to Earth and calculate distances and the time needed for radio signals to travel these distances.
Fourth graders explore communications by reading assigned space science text. For this satellite lesson, 4th graders identify the concept of orbiting and examine gravitational pull by viewing diagrams. Students are assessed based on results of an image analysis activity.
Young scholars study the nomenclature, operation and purpose of America's Space Transportation system. They demonstrate how water can be broken down into its component gases of hydrogen and oxygen by electrolysis. They construct and use the apparatus to test for the presence of the gas carbon dioxide (C02).
Students examine the principles of orbit using water balloons and a piece of string to see how gravity and the velocity of a spacecraft balance to form an orbit. They determine how an object can escape the gravity of the sun or planet. They look at how engineers design huge rockets so that they can get out of the Earth's gravity.
In this solar eclipse worksheet, students solve seven problems about solar eclipses after making a model following five steps. They determine the different orbits for satellites, they determine the lengths of Earth's shadow and they find solutions to operating a satellite during a solar eclipse.

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Earth's Orbit