Earth's Surface Teacher Resources

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Young scholars depict the various layers of the Earth through an interactive art project. In this Earth's layers lesson plan, students listen to the book How to Dig a Hole to the other Side of the World and make speculations of why the center of the earth is made up of iron and nickel. Young scholars use colored sand to create an art project showing the various layers of Earth.
How does the color of a surface affect the heating of the earth? Middle school science classes experiment with color and surface albedo to determine the relationship. The website has tabs for an overview, teacher's instructions, background and extension ideas, and a student lab sheet. It is richly detailed and will provide an apt activity for your earth science curriculum. 
Pupils explore the ways Earth's surface is shaped by hydrologic, climate and tectonic forces by participating in a whole class discussion. They respond to prompts that lead them to conclusions about the relationships between landforms and the geologic and biologic processes that create the landforms.
Students identify landforms created by forces of nature. In this lesson on Earth's surface, students watch a video about the Earth's surface and use satellite images of the United States to identify various changes seem in the surface of the Earth.
Students complete all of the steps in the scientific inquiry process to study Earth's energy cycle; most specifically temperature and the effects of albedo (energy reflected back from Earth's surface) on temperature.
Fourth graders construct a concept map about Plate Tectonics. They include types of movement, names and effects of boundaries. They research plate tectonics, describe and name 3 types. They analyze the effect on the earth's surface of plate activity.
Introduce your earth science enthusiasts to the earth's energy budget. Teach them using an informative set of slides that include illuminating lecturer's notes, relevant vocabulary, embedded animations, colorful satellite maps, and a video. The class is divided into three different groups to experiment with surface albedo, clouds, and land and water temperatures. After they investigate, the groups come back to share their findings with the rest of the class.
Learners complete research and solve problems that show the factors that determine the temperature of the earth's surface including the effect of greenhouse gases. They look at the relationships between solar energy, atmosphere, and how solar energy is reflected and absorbed.
Students demonstrate how the color of materials on Earth affect the amount of solar energy that is absorbed.  In this solar energy lesson students complete a lab to explore how the color of materials on the Earth's surface impacts warming. 
Students identify and explain that remote sensing can detect changes on the Earth's surface that occur over time, and name at least three: urbanization, deforestation, and succession. They select a global change issue to investigate and prepare a short presentation to the class with audio-visuals about their issue(s) or what are the hot topics in current events.
In this map worksheet, learners read about mapping the Earth's surface and answer questions about globes, maps, cartographers, types of map projections and reading maps.
Fourth graders explore the Earth's changing surface. In this earth science lesson, 4th graders conduct a scientific experiment that replicates the wearing away of minerals. Students write paragraphs that make connections between the experiment and how the Earth's surface changes.
Second graders investigate how weather causes erosion, and determine what a fossil is and how it show the change of the Earth over time. Students watch a teacher demonstration that shows what happens when water is poured over sand while they record their observations. Finally, they observe rocks that contain fossils, and discuss the fossil record.
Fourth graders use sand, clay, and water to try and make the Grand Canyon. In this Earth's surface lesson plan, 4th graders discuss how the use of water when flooded can change the Earth's surface. They explore how it would change the look of sand or clay over time.
Students examine distribution of water and minerals. In this surface and groundwater lesson, students conduct an experiment with fresh and salt water making hypothesis and drawing conclusions about minerals. 
Middle schoolers discuss the use of satellites and GPS for navigation, tracking, and creating detailed maps. They view satellite images of Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, Mammoth Cave, and the Grand Canyon using Google maps. After viewing the images, they describe the natural forces that shaped the landforms. Partners research other landforms shaped by natural forces and draw pictures with descriptions.
Students study the earth in relation to the solar system.  In this planetary instructional activity students complete several investigations into the measurement of the earth and its magnetic field.
Students read an online article about an earthquake and follow up with a series of discussion questions about earthquakes. They answer questions in their science journals about continental drift, plate tetonics, and their influence on earthquakes. They draw diagrams and label the layers of earth in their notebooks.
Learners explore the Earth and its ability to support life. They discuss the geosphere and the water cycle and complete the Water Wonders activity. After completing the activity, they respond in their journals and reflect upon the Earth's systems.
Students identify the structure of the earth by creating a model of the core, mantle and crust. They demonstrate the forces within the earth that cause constant changes on the earth's surface.

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Earth's Surface