Federal budget Teacher Resources

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Learners examine how to balance the federal budget. In this American economics lesson plan, students read the provided article "Congress Debates Cutting the Budget." Learners then collaborate in small groups to determine how to balance the budget and then respond to discussion questions about the experience.
Learners analyze the federal budget of the United States. In this national debt lesson, students listen to their instructor present a lecture regarding the details of the balancing the federal budget. Learners respond to discussion questions pertaining to the lecture.
Students create, present, revise, and defend a Federal budget.
Students explore the federal budget-making process. In this federal government instructional activity, students discover how the federal budget is established as they refer to the law-making process and conduct additional research. Students create flow charts represent the stages of the process.
Students assess their knowledge of the federal budget and national debt.  In this Economics lesson, students examine their knowledge of how the budget and its surpluses and deficits are related to the national debt.
Class members watch the video, “Implications of the 2010 Midterm Elections: Battle for the Federal Budget,” examine political cartoons, and analyze the impact the 2010 midterm election results had on Barack Obama’s presidency. Originally designed for use before the elections, the resource could be used to compare the expected results with actual events.
Your class members have been selected by the president to help solve the budget crisis as part of a special deficit commission. After learning about fiscal policy, economic theories, and the federal budget through a detailed PowerPoint presentation, class members will simulate a press conference in which they will recommend cutting or reducing programs and/or increasing taxes. 
Students discover details about the federal budget. For this contemporary government lesson, students research the efforts to maintain a balanced federal budget in the United States since the 1980's. Students then participate in a debate about methods used to balance the budget.
Students research, through various resources, the issues surrounding the concept of a balanced federal budget. The research questions focus on how this issue, so popular in the times of Reagan, has continued through to the present. students debate the
What is the fiscal cliff, what does it imply, and why are some people fearful of it? This video uses President Obama's proposed budget proposal of 2013 and that of republicans to provide a context for understanding the fiscal cliff. The federal budget, GDP, and the Bush tax cuts are also breiefly reviewed by the presenter.
Students investigate the federal budget and debt of the US. In this economics lesson, students analyze the federal budget through their own research. They may work in groups and present to the class.
Learners identify major sources of revenue for government spending and identify the type of tax that makes up the largest percentage of the federal budget. They are introduced to the major services provided by local, state and national governments and describes how these services are paid for.
Young scholars take a closer look at the 2010 midterm elections. In this U.S. government instructional activity, students watch a PBS news video about the elections and determine the role that economics played in the elections.
Learners listen to the EconTalk podcast with economist Keith Hennessey before diving into an economics lesson. They are shown how the Congressional Budget Office calculates their yearly spending. Then they read the Budget Control Act from 2011 and consider scenarios that the Joint Committee might discuss. 
Use this economic activity to focus on writing summaries of informational text. First, middle schoolers define common economic terms used to describe news about the economy. They closely read news about the federal budget deficit and present their findings in order to better explain the fundamental questions underlying current economic policy.
Students relate the national debt to the economy. In this algebra lesson plan, students discuss what the national debt is, create a national budget based on priority and what the government should spend money on. They analyze their findings using a bar and pie graph and discuss the results with the class.
Students compare budgets of various federal agencies and graph the monetary relations between these top-funded agencies. They propose alternate budgets and justify their own monetary priorities.
Students identify the different components that make up the federal budget. They discuss the relationship between government revenues and spending and between budget deficits and the national debt. Students predict how changes in federal spening and taxation would affect budget deficits and surpluses and the national debt.
Young scholars are introduced to the economic roles of the federal government. Using the internet, they read information related to government spending and the actual dollar amounts attached to budget items. In groups, they develop their own budget for the government and compare them with the actual budget. They also discuss the shifts in economic policy since the end of the Cold War.
High schoolers examine the categories for federal spending using the internet to locate them. They create a list of expenditures noting them as government purchases or transfer payments. They analyze the patterns of spending during the past 40 years.

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