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Fifth graders define personification. They give examples following this lesson. Students identify elements of fiction and nonfiction and support by referencing the text to determine the plot development, author's choice of words and use of figurative language (personification, flashback) and tone.
Why have your writers analyze the themes in literature in boring prose when you can have them practice their creativity and writing skills by producing an explication of a novel’s theme through verse? Start by explaining different types of poetry and poetic devices they can use, and discuss the most important parts of the novel that your readers can explore. They write, collaborate, revise, and submit their creation to the instructor. Modification can be made to have your middle schoolers create a visual representation of their theme or, instead of a written assessment, the class can present their findings through a poetry slam.
Readers analyze an excerpt from Kate DiCamillo's novel Because of Winn-Dixie. They read silently, and then hear it read aloud. Definitions for underlined vocabulary words are in the margin, and other potentially difficult words are in bold. A discussion aspect has readers collaborating ideas, and encourages text citation when addressing a topic. Finally, learners complete a writing task to synthesize the lesson. Writing prompts are available.
“Still I Rise,” is the focus of a two-day exercise that asks learners to trace the development of the theme of emotional opposites (hopelessness/rising above adversity) by highlighting details in Maya Angelou’s poem. They then craft their own antonym poem of negative and positive emotions (left out/chosen, ugly/beautiful) that shows how they feel. Links to the poem and a short biography of Angelou are included.
Reading The Pearl by John Steinbeck with your class and looking for an extension activity? Incorporate art and drama as a way of further exploring the themes presented in this work of literature. Start off in groups, each receiving a different piece of artwork to critique and discuss in light of the social issues depicted in The Pearl. Or if a dramatic activity sounds more appealing, use the Role Play Scenario worksheet include here to get students up from their seats and acting out how social issues may affect their own adolescent lives. Note: To complete the lesson as written, you will need several additional materials that are not included.
Scholars read and re-write, in Standard English, a short selection from Dovey Coe and note importance of use of dialect in novel. Then they examine their own use of dialect in everyday speech, and write a narrative using both casual dialect and Standard English. By using shorter sections of text, this lesson could also work with lower grades.
One of the best fourth grade books of all time is Where the Red Fern Grows. Provide your class with interesting background on the book and the author as well as worksheets for every five chapters of the novel. The first part of the guide provides information you can use and share with the class, and the second part contains graphic organizers, comprehension questions, activities, and vocabulary that will carry you through the entire book. Just print and copy what you need from this great 22-page resource.
What is the difference between a news story and a personal narrative? This plan has learners write a personal narrative using the topic of service projects in their community. Consider completing a cross-curricular extension by bringing in a speaker or sketching scenes to accompany the narrative.
Poetry is everywhere even when it is found in the words of picture books designed for young children. Your young poets continue their development in using and identifying literary devices, and the basic elements of story as they read and explore the words in storytelling. The first instructional activity demonstrates how to find poetry in picture books and progresses into small group collaboration where they search for the literary elements that create found poetry. The instructional activity concludes with the development of a rubric and poetry creation. You can also alot time for presentations of the final product.