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Hydrocarbon Teacher Resources
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Making models is always memorable. In this activity, physical science starters examine the structure of hydrocarbons using marshmallows, raisins, and toothpicks. They even act as atoms themselves and link arms to represent covalent bonds. The lesson is simple to execute, but superb in results!
In this naming hydrocarbons worksheet, students are given a table of the prefixes used for naming hydrocarbons based on the number of carbon atoms and their location. They then practice naming ten hydrocarbon compounds using the rules of naming and the chart of prefixes.
Sal sets up a situation where liquid hydrocarbon is burned in a furnace. As a result of this event, certain amounts of Carbon Monoxide and Water are produced. Given those amounts, he shows students how to determine the molecular and empirical formulas for the unknown Hydrocarbon.
Students explain hardground communities in the Gulf of Mexico. In this deep-sea ecosystem instructional activity, students investigate the connection between deep-sea ecosystems and petroleum deposits. They discuss the relationship between hydrocarbon seeps, chemosynthetic communities, and deep-water coral communities.
In this hydrocarbon instructional activity, students answer 13 questions about different types of organic molecules categorized as hydrocarbons. They explain the different hydrocarbons, they draw structural diagrams for different hydrocarbons and they calculate heat released by reactions of hydrocarbons.
Students construct models of hydrocarbon molecules using candy and toothpicks. In this hydrocarbons lesson plan, students are given a sheet with the molecular formulas of hydrocarbons. As a group, they construct each molecule using colored gumdrops to represent each atom and toothpicks to represent each bond.
Students study hydrocarbon gases and chemical equations. In this hydrocarbon gases lesson, students work in groups complete a molecular formula worksheet and review alkane prefixes. Students complete molecular models, balance chemical equations, and finish with a section on hydrocarbon combustion.
In this energy from hydrocarbons worksheet, students read about endothermic and exothermic reactions and how hydrocarbons release heat as fuels. Students read how to measure heat changes in reactions and practice finding the specific heat of a substance, the energy needed to heat a substance to a certain temperature and the heat of a reaction.
Students explore the concept of molecular modeling and differentiate between saturated and unsaturated compounds. In small groups, they identify molecular formulas, complete a chart comparing alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, and construct a model of a simple hydrocarbon molecule using a molecular model kit.
Youngsters develop an understanding of how smog is produced, and how exhaust from automobiles is one of the major sources of smog. They explore the roles that engineers play in developing technologies that reduce smog, then work in teams to create an advertisement for a hybrid vehicle. A fabulous lesson plan that is chock-full of terrific attachments such as, streamed video, websites, and worksheets that will all support student learning. I would highly recommend implementing this resource with your class.
Plenty of time was invested in creating this detailed presentation. The first slide alone includes several steps that support your explanation of percent composition, a precursor to understanding how to write empirical and molecular formulas. The step-by-step process of determining the formulas is shown with actual examples. You will really appreciate the author of this PowerPoint!
Chemists use the destructive distillation technique to produce three derivatives from a sample of bituminous coal. You will find background information, a materials list, procedures, and sample follow-up questions that you can use in your class. This is an appropriate activity for practicing distillation or for studying natural resources and the products that we obtain from them.
Students explore different activities in biology, physics and chemistry. In this science lesson plan, students examine chromosomes using a microscope and explain their significance in sustaining life on Earth. They investigate alkanes and describe the process of 'cracking' hydrocarbons.