Hydrocarbon Teacher Resources
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Making models is always memorable. In this activity, physical science starters examine the structure of hydrocarbons using marshmallows, raisins, and toothpicks. They even act as atoms themselves and link arms to represent covalent bonds. The lesson is simple to execute, but superb in results!
In this naming hydrocarbons worksheet, students are given a table of the prefixes used for naming hydrocarbons based on the number of carbon atoms and their location. They then practice naming ten hydrocarbon compounds using the rules of naming and the chart of prefixes.
Beginning with a general discussion about natural gas, methane, and hydrocarbons, a few videos and diagrams are projected to support the lecture. Individuals participate in a brief activity by drinking juice through a straw, and then again while a piece of sponge is placed in the cup. This is meant to demonstrate how difficult it is to extract natural gas from shale.
In this hydrocarbons worksheet, learners solve 17 clues in a crossword puzzle focusing on carbon bonding and hydrocarbon gases.
For this chemistry worksheet, students use the clues given at the bottom of the sheet to complete the crossword puzzle on hydrocarbons. There are 17 statements to solve and fill in on the puzzle.
In this hydrocarbons worksheet, students name the hydrocarbons given or draw in the chemical structure from the chemical names. This worksheet has 21 problems to solve.
Students compare and contrast photosynthesis and chemosynthesis as processes that provide energy to biological communities. They investigate the energy content of hydrocarbons used in coral communities.
Sal sets up a situation where liquid hydrocarbon is burned in a furnace. As a result of this event, certain amounts of Carbon Monoxide and Water are produced. Given those amounts, he shows students how to determine the molecular and empirical formulas for the unknown Hydrocarbon.
Learners explain hardground communities in the Gulf of Mexico. In this deep-sea ecosystem lesson, students investigate the connection between deep-sea ecosystems and petroleum deposits. They discuss the relationship between hydrocarbon seeps, chemosynthetic communities, and deep-water coral communities.
High schoolers create a polymer using Borax and Elmer's Glue. In this chemistry lesson, students identify monomers made of hydrocarbons and then brainstorm a list of polymers and their uses.
Students explore elements by analyzing everyday objects and materials in class. In this carbon lesson plan, students define several vocabulary terms such as carbon dioxide, hydrocarbon, and carbonate. Students view a group of items, discussing if they contain carbon or not and record their results on a worksheet.
Students study hydrocarbon gases and chemical equations. In this hydrocarbon gases lesson, students work in groups complete a molecular formula worksheet and review alkane prefixes. Students complete molecular models, balance chemical equations, and finish with a section on hydrocarbon combustion.
Students explore the concept of molecular modeling and differentiate between saturated and unsaturated compounds. In small groups, they identify molecular formulas, complete a chart comparing alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, and construct a model of a simple hydrocarbon molecule using a molecular model kit.
In this substituted hydrocarbons worksheet, students learn how to name compounds using a table of organic functional groups and the rules for naming hydrocarbon compounds. They practice naming twenty substituted hydrocarbons.
In this hydrocarbon worksheet, students answer 13 questions about different types of organic molecules categorized as hydrocarbons. They explain the different hydrocarbons, they draw structural diagrams for different hydrocarbons and they calculate heat released by reactions of hydrocarbons.
High schoolers construct models of hydrocarbon molecules using candy and toothpicks. In this hydrocarbons lesson plan, students are given a sheet with the molecular formulas of hydrocarbons. As a group, they construct each molecule using colored gumdrops to represent each atom and toothpicks to represent each bond.
In this energy from hydrocarbons learning exercise, students read about endothermic and exothermic reactions and how hydrocarbons release heat as fuels. Students read how to measure heat changes in reactions and practice finding the specific heat of a substance, the energy needed to heat a substance to a certain temperature and the heat of a reaction.
In this compounds learning exercise, high schoolers identify molecules as compounds and give a reason why they believe it is or isn't a compound. Students write out chemical formulas. This learning exercise has 3 problems to solve.
Youngsters develop an understanding of how smog is produced, and how exhaust from automobiles is one of the major sources of smog. They explore the roles that engineers play in developing technologies that reduce smog, then work in teams to create an advertisement for a hybrid vehicle. A fabulous lesson plan that is chock-full of terrific attachments such as, streamed video, websites, and worksheets that will all support student learning. I would highly recommend implementing this resource with your class.
Chemists use the destructive distillation technique to produce three derivatives from a sample of bituminous coal. You will find background information, a materials list, procedures, and sample follow-up questions that you can use in your class. This is an appropriate activity for practicing distillation or for studying natural resources and the products that we obtain from them.