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Irony Teacher Resources
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What are the three types of irony? After reviewing dramatic, situational, and verbal irony with your readers, present them with this two-page document. They read six excerpts to determine which type of irony is used in each. After identifying the type, they explain what led them to that conclusion.
Use O. Henry's ubiquitous tale of love and poverty to explore irony. After reading the story, middle schoolers identify examples of all three kinds of irony in the story. With partners, they brainstorm original examples of irony. Then the pairs merge into larger groups to create and present skits that demonstrate irony based on the ideas they developed.
“And isn’t it ironic. . . don’t you think?” After a brief overview of the different types of irony, learners examine the lyrics to Alanis Morissette’s song, “Ironic,” identify the examples of irony used in the song, and analyze the effects. The worksheet could be used as the basis of a group activity or for whole-class discussion.
What are the three types of irony? High schoolers engage in a instructional activity about the use of irony while reading O.Henry's short story "Gift of the Magi." They'll discuss rising action, climax, and resolution in the text before highlighting the use of irony. How can irony also occur in our everyday life? High schoolers brainstorm real-life examples.
Using examples from Socrates to Johnny Carson, this slideshow presents your students with the history and definition of dramatic irony, satire, situational irony, and tragic irony. This presentation would be useful in a language arts class, a writing seminar, a sociology lecture, or in a linguistics course.
Sometimes people and characters say one thing, but mean another. This is known as verbal irony and is a difficult concept for pupils to grasp. Grow their understanding of verbal irony by asking them to use it in their own fictional narrative. Part of a series on writing a fictional narrative in response to "A Pair of Silk Stockings" by Kate Chopin and using dialogue effectively, the video demonstrates how to weave verbal irony into a draft. The narrator describes verbal irony, provides an example, and models rereading and revising her own draft. Class members can view the video and then try out the techniques on their own drafts with teacher support. While most videos on this site include slides of the video, this one does not.
Middle schoolers analyze the speaker's ideas and tone in the Billy Collins poem "The Lanyard." After identifying how each of the five senses is addressed in the poem, they compare images to draw conclusions about the speaker and his mother. They then identify irony in the poem and view a video of Billy Collins reading his poem.
How does an author develop his or her personal writing style? This presentation starts by looking at E.E. Cummings and some of his most notable works. As an author with a lot of style, he's the perfect example! Then, terms such as figurative language, symbol, irony, and imagery (among others) are defined and examples are given. Several practice opportunities are also provided.
Act III, scene 1 of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet provides the narrator of this short video an opportunity to model for viewers how Shakespeare uses dramatic irony to develop his revenge theme. Using a T-Chart, the narrator records examples of dramatic irony in the scene and the effects characters’ actions have on relationships in the play. The video can easily stand alone, or be used with the others in the series as part of a study of this famous tragedy.
Isn't it ironic? Explore the irony in "Mrs. Manstey's View" by Edith Wharton through a video, some guided notes, and an optional presentation. After reviewing the different types of irony, the narrator in the video deciphers the irony at the end of the story, connecting it to themes determined in previous lessons in the series. Class members can takes notes as they watch the video and then practice identifying irony on their own.
Tenth graders use one short story to analyze conflict, irony and symbolism. They formulate a chart to show the differences between a character's actions, desires and choice of words. After the story is divided into scenes, 10th graders work in teams to role play for the whole class.
Ninth graders examine how literature connects to real-life and see how irony aids in the development of theme. They read Shirley Jackson's The Lottery, and discuss elements of foreshadowing and situational irony. Then learners will write a composition explaining how the author uses irony to develop the theme. Next, the class will study a biography of Anne Hutchinson and relate this historical figure to the character Tess Hutchinson through writing a comparative analysis.
Who doesn't love music? Poems and songs will engage your high school class in a discussion about irony. Use songs like "Rockin' in the Free World" or "Born in the U.S.A." to illustrate the ironic point of view. Print the lyrics so learners can see the written words. This lesson spans 8-10 days, and your learners will be sure to remember it for years to come.