Karyotype Teacher Resources
Find Karyotype educational ideas and activities
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Chromosome Models- Karyotyping
Create your own karyotypes with clay in a kinesthetic genome activity. This tactile experience was created for visually impaired pupils, but can be used for all hands-on learners who are beginning to study chromosomes. The preparation directions are intended for teachers of the visually impaired, so adjust as needed for your classes. A reading activity is referenced and so is ddiscussion, but no reading is included, and the discussion information is quite limited.
High schoolers identify chromosome pairs based upon band patterns and location of centromere. They order chromosome pairs based upon size. Students differentiate normal karyotypes from abnormal karyotypes. They correctly record karyotype information using correct notation.
Students comprehend that karyotyping is a process in which chromosomes are cut from an enlarged picture and arranged in decreasing order of size. The cells to be viewed are first chemically treated to increase the number of dividing white blood cells and then treated with colchicines to stop mitotic division during anaphase. Lastly, the cells are burst open, stained and fixed. The slide is examined for well spread chromosomes, photographed, and karyotyped.
High schoolers explore chromosome karyotyping. In this chromosome karyotyping lesson plan, students use a chromosome kit to explore chromosome syndromes and disorders. They also produce a large model of a cell with chromosome to simulate cell division, the stages of cell division and the structures of the chromosomes.
Tenth graders investigate the placement of chromosomes in a karyotype and look for any disorder that may be present. The interactions and their affect on the behavior of the entire system is examined.
Students study karyotyping, which is a process in which chromosomes are cut out from an enlarged picture and arranged in decreasing order of size. They use a template to arrange and glue chromosomes to data sheet, indicate sample code, chromosome abnormality and sex of sample.
Ninth graders extract DNA from their cheek cells. In this biology lesson, 9th graders match chromosomes by size and banding patterns using an interactive website. They explain what a karyotype is.
Reaching Into Your Genes
Learners interact with a video to explore the basis for the science of chromosomes. They perform a chromosomal analysis called a karyotype and explore how seemingly minute errors in chromosomes can lead to devastating illnesses.
Genetic Variation Worksheet
Fill- in-the-blank, labeling, and short answer questions make up this well-written cell division activity. Neat diagrams of chromosomes and dividing cells are included. Junior biologists show what they know about reproduction, meiosis, fertilization, karyotypes, and genetic variation. Teachers' instructions with accommodations for special needs are provided. This is definitely a activity that you will want to add to your collection of homework assignments or assessments.
Lesson 10: Karyotypes
Students predict traits of future offspring. In this biology lesson, students study karyotyping to predict genetic disorders. They research an assigned karyotype and present information about it.
Students use a karyotype to determine characteristics of the "baby" created in the lab activity. In this karyotyping lesson plan, students analyze the traits and characteristics that can be determined from a karyotype such as the sex of the baby and particular traits identified by letters on the karyotype. Students answer general questions about genetic diseases, traits on chromosomes and sex linked traits.
Karyotypes and Inheritance of Chromosomes
Students explore the mode of inheritance of chromosomes. Given a scenario, students use the Human Genome sheet to determine inherited chromosomes. They illustrate the difference between genotype and phenotype. Students develop a model using chromosomes.
What is the purpose of Karyotyping?
High schoolers explain how karyotyping is used to diagnose specific genetic disorders. They use karyotypes to make observations and analyze chromosomal errors. This activity can be completed online or without computer access.
Born of Blood
Students define attributes of human chromosomes and match them to make a human karyotype. In this investigative lesson students demonstrate how traits are encoded in genes found on chromosomes.
Meiosis and Karyotypes
In this meiosis activity, students define nondisjunction and then determine if the karyotypes shown are labeled as monosomy, trisomy, or neither. This activity has 3 short answer and 3 problems to solve.
Tenth graders lake a karyotype from their chromosomes and diagnose the genetic problem (if there is one).
Mitosis, Meiosis, and Fertilization
An explanatory introduction to genes opens the worksheet for young geneticists. Then, through diagrams and reading passages, mitosis is explained. This is just a general explanation, as the phases of mitosis are not mentioned. Pupils answer a few fill-in-the-blank questions and then use large objects and their arms to model mitosis. They repeat these activities for meiosis and for the fertilization process. Finally, they read about karyotypes and chromosomal abnormalities. The handout is informative, but the lab activities are not engaging.
Patterns of Heredity
Students describe the differences between incomplete dominance and codominant alleles, and between multiple alleles and polygenic inheritance. They describe how internal and external environments affect gene expression. They then interpret testcrosses and pedigrees charts.
In this chromosome worksheet, students determine the chromosomes in diploid cells and haploid cells of different species. Students use a karyotype to identify if it is a male or female. This worksheet has 1 graphic organizer and 8 problems to solve.
Chromosomal Mutations - When Good Meiosis Goes Bad
After teaching about the process of meiosis, use this presentation to inform your biology buffs of problems that can possibly occur. Gene mutation is mentioned as a review, and then different forms of chromosome mutation are explored: nondisjunction, deletion, inversion, duplication, and translocation. The use of a karyotype for identifying these problems is explained. It would be ideal to follow this presentation with a karyotype activity.