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Latitude and Longitude Teacher Resources
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Teaching learners about latitude and longitude can get a little complicated. Present the concept by first representing it as a graph. Just like finding a location on a graph using the x and y-axis, learners will be able to locate items on a globe or map. A great way to tackle the concept!
Fifth graders are introduced to the concept of latitude and longitude and play a game to reinforce the concept. In this latitude and longitude lesson, 5th graders play a matching game where they identify which card belongs on a specific place on a globe. Students then work in pairs to find specific places on a map regarding latitude and longitude measurements.
Where did the potato famine in the United States in the 1840s begin? After reading about the potato disease, young scientists will hypothesize about the type of disease and its origin. Then, using newspaper articles and other data, learners use latitude and longitude to map the instances of the disease, then analyze the data to try to trace its origin.
Pupils are introduced to the concepts of latitude and longitude. In groups, they identify the Earth's magnetic field and the disadvantages of using compasses for navigation. They identify the major lines of latitude and longitude on a map and determine the location of major cities using only latitude and longitude coordinates.
Seventh graders distinguish between latitude and longitude. For this geography lesson, 7th graders locate specific locations on the Earth using latitude and longitude, calculate distance using latitude and longitude, and discover differences between two locations on the Earth.
Challenge your learners to wrap graph paper around a ping pong ball to represent the latitude and longitude of the earth. It just can't be done! But it's a great introduction to latitude and longitude. It can be looked at in two-dimensional form like looking at a map. This can be related to the Cartesian coordinate plane. It can also be looked at in three-dimensional form like on a globe. A great hands-on activity to learn about latitude and longitude.
Learners take a look at the local newspaper and focus on the weather section. They get into small groups, and each one looks at the same map, but of a different part of the country. They must prepare a presentation that shows how latitude and longitude affect the weather patterns in three different cities. The groups present their findings to the class, and everyone discusses how latitude and longitude can be used to help predict the weather.
Students move themselves around a "world" map on the classroom floor, using lines of latitude and longitude to locate specific spots. They determine the locations of 11 countries where Peace Corps Volunteers are serving and identify in which continent the country is located.
Students tear paper into representative continent shapes and configure them with world oceans through relative location, direction and latitude and longitude starting points. They recognize the shape of the continents. Students recognize the location of the continents with respect to each other and the Prime Meridian and the Eqautor. Students identify the continents and major world oceans by name.