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Muscle Groups and Exercises Teacher Resources
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Students taking Human Anatomy and Physiology design a health club. They analyze the structure and function of various muscle groups and determine what exercise equipment works best for each muscle group, and using a desktop publishing program they design and print a brochure or print advertisement for their health club.
Eighth graders identify and label the primary and secondary muscles used to perform an exercise. Students perform an exercise on a weight machine to figure out which muscles are being used. Students illustrate the muscles used by coloring a diagram of the muscular system.
These 10 static stretches are not presented in a lesson format but this resource can certainly be used to teach a lesson on static stretching. These stretches should definitely be used in a warm-up or cool-down activity. They focus on the major muscle groups that are used in all physical activities. Each is described clearly and a picture is included that shows the stretch and telsl which muscles are involved.
Children can do almost anything to music, so get them up and moving, working out and strengthening some major muscle groups. Using exercise bands provides some resistance, which makes the muscles work a little harder. With this lesson plan, young learners will just be moving around and grooving to the music; they will be getting stronger without even giving it a thought!
Learners explore cardiovascular fitness. In this physical education lesson plan, students perform a variety of fitness exercises after reading activity explanations found in plastic eggs. Learners record on a worksheet whether they personally could maintain each activity for one minute or not.
A handout and worksheet composed of two pages of resource information and two pages of questions that require short answers. The main idea of the handout is in choosing an exercise program. Each activity session should include a warm-up period and a cool-down period. But most importantly, it must be realistic. Read this information and then answer the questions using a short answer format.
Students identify the muscles and body motions of the human body. In this physiology lesson, students participate in different body motions to discover and explore the muscles that they use in their arms. Students discuss the names of the muscles of the arm and their range of motion.
In this math, science, and physical education worksheet, students brainstorm and study about the muscles that are used while participating in different Olympic sports. They color the muscle groups of the body by follow the directions given on the sheet. They make a table that lists the muscles that are used while participating in these sports.
Students examine human anatomy with a focus on the knee joint. In groups, they research the chemical makeup of human bones and explain the different types of joints found in the body. To end the lesson plan, they identify the other structures needed in order for movements and describe the most common knee injuries and their treatment.
“Mastering others is strength. Mastering yourself is true power.”—Lao Tzu. Black Tiger Academy’s martial arts lesson 11 of 20 has a written script to guide the class through an introductory meditation lesson. It's actually quite descriptive and uses imagery to facilitate relaxation of the major body parts. After the meditation exercise, the class will be introduced to two new skills: the horse stance and downward blocks.
“People will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel." Black Tiger Academy’s martial arts lesson five of 20 has a great team building activity in which a small group is given some supplies to build a tower, the tallest free-standing tower they can build. After this activity, there is more review of the skills learned thus far: mini-salute, crane stance, cat stance, snap kick, thrust kick, and proper use of the kicking shield.
“A good exercise for the heart is to bend down and help another up.” Black Tiger Academy’s martial arts lesson plan three of 20 focuses on cardiovascular exercise and activities that get that heart pumping. There are quite a few activities to do in relay fashion. Then the class reviews and practices the thrust kick, the snap kick, and use of the kicking shield.
“A candle loses nothing by lighting another candle."—Father James Keller. Black Tiger Academy’s martial arts lesson 19 of 20 focuses on the class recognizing their peers for the positive qualities that each one of them brings to the group. The teambuilding exercise has them recognizing each individual's contributions. The martial arts portion of the lesson reviews the double jump kick and the back lion block. They also review all the stances, blocks, and kicks by playing Simon Says.
Here are seven abdominal exercises that can be done in three and a half minutes. This is not a full-fledged lesson but seven well-described exercises to improve strength and endurance in the abdominal muscles. Each one is done for 30 seconds, definitely a reasonable amount of time to dedicate to this core muscle group. As the class gets stronger, increase the amount of time for each exercise to improve endurance. If this mini circuit were done twice a week during your PE class, just think how much stronger their abdominal muscles would be! Go for it!
Learn all about the best way to stretch your major muscle groups. Nine of the major muscle groups found in the human body are listed along with discussion points on why exercise and stretching are so important to muscle development. Two types of stretches, ballistic and static, are also described.
Use the medicine ball to help young learners develop strength in the core muscle groups. The Russian twists develop oblique strength, push-ups develop triceps strength, sit-ups work on abdominal strength, and squats develop quadriceps strength. Demonstrate how to do these exercises and then set them up in small groups to practice.