Ocean Floor Teacher Resources
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Students recreate sea-floor spreading and the pattern of magnetic stripes that are created by different configurations of plate boundaries. They see how transform faults work.
Fifth graders discuss the process of sedimentation and the continental drift theory. They locate major structures on the ocean floor and they identify life forms at each level of the ocean.
Practice reading comprehension by approaching oceanography through 2 pages of informational text. The text compares the ocean floor to the Grand Canyon to gives students perspective, and gives a brief coverage of the earth's crust and ocean floor characteristics. Ten true/false questions follow, prompting students on direct recall and comprehension. To add interest, consider some pre-reading activities, such as guessing words that will appear in the text!
Fourth graders plot points on a graph, connect the dots to make the ocean floor profile and label the topographical features. They utilize a worksheet and a website imbedded in this plan to plot the ocean floor.
Students examine how geologists determine rates of sea floor spreading between two tectonic plates. They apply mathematical concepts such as the calculation and use of velocities and conversion from one set of units to another.
Elementary schoolers identify the ocean floor in a geological sense. They create a presentation that highlights the key features of the ocean floor. This terrific lesson plan has excellent streaming video segments embedded in it, and the activities are clearly-explained. A fantastic educational resource!
Students review their prior knowledge on topographical maps. Using a map, they examine the sea floor off the coast of San Diego, California. With a partner, they chart the sea floor of an area and use cutouts to create a visual representation.
Students sample goodies from an unseen ocean floor and try to accurately describe their composition. This simulation helps students explain the limitations of sampling and the problem of obtaining representative samples of sea floor sediments.
Young scholars investigate magnetic evidence that supports the theory of sea floor spreading.
Students create an ocean floor out of a shoe box, clay, and graph paper. In this ocean mapping lesson plan, students trade shoe boxes to view how no piece of the ocean floor is alike.
Students make inferences based on different sounds that they hear. In this inferences lesson plan, students will hear sounds of different objects and describe the sounds based on what they hear. They will answer various questions about the sounds and how they would describe the objects based on the sounds. This will be a connection on how sound waves can let us know what is on the ocean floor.
High schoolers participate in a whole class discussion of ocean-floor structures and plate tectonics. They respond to prompts in a structured sequence that lead them to conclusions about the role of plate tectonics in the creation of sea-floor features such as mid-ocean ridges and trenches.
Students create models of the Earth's tectonic plates to show how the crust has moved apart from the ancient super-continent of Pangaea. They also make a model of ocean floor spreading to relate the newly formed crust to the plate movements.
High schoolers explore and model the characteristics of the ocean floor and near shore environments through in-class demonstrations, laboratory activities, and internet research. They use classroom materials to research the characteristics of the ocean floor and report this information to the class.
Young scholars work together to create a model of the ocean floor. They practice using new vocabulary associated with the ocean floor as well. They share their model with the class.
Students explore how hydrothermal vents are formed and where they are located on the ocean floor. They study how scientists use CTDs to locate hydrothermal vents.
Pupils identify ocean floor features. In this earth science lesson, students predict the object inside a close box to make them realize the difficulties scientists faced then. They label the different zones of the ocean floor after the activity.
Students construct a simulated model of the ocean floor in a shoe box. They determine that the floor of the ocean is composed of hills, plains, ridges, trenches, and sea mounts. They draw out a plan for their ocean floor which includes abyssal plains and hills, an atoll, a bay, continental shelf and slope, guyot, island, rift valley, sea mount, trench, mid-ocean range, submarine canyon, sub-duction zone.
Students discuss convection currents in the Earth's mantle, how they form, and how they move as well as the causes of earthquakes. Working in a group, they analyze a color coded World Earthquake Map and try to determine which direction each plate is moving. After discussing their predictions, they build a model of sea floor spreading.