Reference Materials Teacher Resources
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Word Reference Materials
A class discussion on reference materials opens up a lesson on how to use these important resources. They discover that dictionaries, glossaries, and thesauruses are called word reference resources, and they practice using them. The class is divided up into three groups. Each one is assigned a different resource, and they complete a worksheet, embedded in the plan. It has them answer questions about the specific use of each resource. The worksheet is in a graphic organizer format and is quite good. Each group reports out to the class and shares their findings.
Learning Vocabulary by Using Reference Materials
Finding engaging ways to help your middle schoolers build their vocabulary is not easy to do. The lesson presented here offers a great way to motivate them to build vocabulary by making it into a game. Teams of pupils use a dictionary and vocabulary scavenger hunt worksheets, embedded in the plan, to work on adding unfamiliar words to their repertoire. Along with finding the definition for each word, they must come up its part of speech, find a synonym for it, list its language of derivation, and use it in a sentence. Now, that is how a person really learns a word!
The Heritage Project
Writers create several interesting and informative pieces related to their family history. They assemble those pieces together in an attractive display. Students use reference material to locate flags from each country in their family background.
After a class discussion where kids share how they find answers to their questions, learners explore the world of reference materials such as, an atlas, an almanac, and an encyclopedia. The Internet is also discussed as a way to access many reference materials quickly. Pupils work as partners and use multiple resources to complete a scavenger hunt in which they must answer 15 questions. Learners keep track of the reference source they used to answer each of the questions, and they discuss the ones they thought were the easiest to use. A terrific worksheet is embedded in the plan, which will make this lesson easy to implement.
Young scholars use a variety of reference materials to complete a trivia-question scavenger hunt assignment. They seek answers to questions in many curriculum areas.
Covering the News
Students compare the coverage of two crime stories Using local or national newspapers, news magazines and other reference materials, each group trace the "unfolding" of two crime stories: The Laci Peterson investigation plus one students
Men and Women of Space Exploration
Fourth graders research famous astronauts. In this space science lesson, 4th graders list famous astronauts and use reference materials and the Internet to write a report on them.
Jim Crow Laws
Learners examine the Civil Rights movement and use mapping as a reading to learn strategy. In this Jim Crow Laws instructional activity, students read material regarding the civil rights movement. Learners explore reference materials to gather relevant information. Students discuss the term "Jim Crow" and write a paragraph about why they think the term is insulting to blacks.
Medieval Times to Colonization
Fifth graders examine historical reference material to understand the life an times of Medieval Europe in terms of the feudal system and religious persecution. They gain the understanding of why, some English gave up everything to come to the new land for religious freedom.
Second graders identify evidence of rhythm, rhyme, and alliteration in poetry. They use reference materials and access websites imbedded in this plan to help them write their own poems.
New! Understanding the Modern Olympic Games
Do you know when and where the first Olympic Games were held? Do you know what each of the five rings in the Olympic symbol represent? Your pupils will learn about the birth and development of the modern Olympic Games, and will conclude by writing brief essays considering the perspective of an Olympic athlete.
3rd graders will learn how to use four types of reference materials (Atlas, Encyclopedia, Dictionary, Thesaurus). Each slide includes the purpose for using that specific reference. There are challenge questions included that give mock situations where students must decide what correct reference material they would use.
Spelling: Nouns, Proper Nouns, Reference Materials, Action Verbs
In this spelling unit worksheet, students explore nouns, proper nouns, reference materials, and action verbs as they study the 72 words listed and complete a variety of activities using the words correctly.
Formal and Informal Language
ESL students use the graphic organizers to record different phrases of speech with an emphasis upon the use of slang.
The Heritage Project
Here is a fabulous lesson around the theme of family histories. The Heritage Day project is outlined here for you. It is a chance for learners to share and celebrate their background and heritage with their classmates. There are terrific worksheets embedded in the plan, and the activities suggested are wonderful. This would be a fine lesson to get into with your class, and it should be a hit with the parents as well!
Poetry is a wonderful way to explore language, express topical understanding, and incite creative thinking. After a trip to the local natural history museum (or zoo), learners write an acrostic or a cinquain poem describing one of their favorite African animals. This would be a great opportunity to incorporate a research-based art project as well. Tip: If you don't have access to a museum or zoo, take the class on a virtual tour of a museum instead.
Long Vowels, Nouns, Proper Nouns, Reference Materials
In these spelling skills and grammar usage worksheets, students complete a series of activities that help them spell and use words with long vowel sounds, nouns, proper nouns, and reference materials.
A world of oil
Students practice in analyzing spatial data in maps and graphic presentations while studying the distribution of fossil fuel resources. They study, analyze, and map the distribution of fossil fuels on blank maps. Students discuss gas cost and the increase of gas cost.
Introduction to Reference Materials
The Incredible Book Eating Boy is an adorable story and a fun match for introducing reference materials elementary grades. If you do not have this book in your library, but do have access to a computer for presentation, a video read aloud is linked in additional materials. Second graders will identify with Henry, the main character in the story, who loved to eat books. Class members will discuss why we read books, answer questions about the story, give opinions about the story, and be introduced to reference books and their purposes. The final action gives young book lovers time to explore reference materials and become more familiar with them in small groups. The lesson plan calls for a SMARTBoard to be used for the graphic organizers, but teachers without this technology can create a poster or paper chart instead.
Town, Tales, and Timelines
Second graders study Ancient India, Ancient China, and/or Modern Japan in an integrated unit lasting between 6-9 weeks. Economic concepts are taught for each country, and the art teacher integrates art from these countries culminating "town simulation event."