Similarities and Differences Teacher Resources

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This instructional activity is intended for a music class but would be a great way to teach compare and contrast to any class. Kindergarteners dance the Hokey Pokey to four different styles of music and examine two paintings of Humpty Dumpty, then discuss the similarities and differences in the songs, dances, and art. Wonderful idea!
Students explore cultural diversity. In this cultural awareness instructional activity, students examine the similarities and differences in various cultures and discuss the value of these differences.
Students complete pre-visit and post-visit activities about the koalas they see at the zoo. In this koalas lesson plan, students read books, and answer questions about the similarities and differences they see when they observe the koala bear.
Students complete a variety of activities centering around insects. In this insects education lesson, students read People by Peter Spier and discuss the similarities and differences among people. Students gather and explore materials about insects and spiders, go on a field trip to a local park, create detailed sketches of insects in their journals, create their own insects and record insect behaviors.
Students compare and contrast the similarities and differences of the animals they see in photographs. In this animals lesson plan, students then research one of the animals on specific national websites and compare the physical features of those animals that help them survive.
First graders identify animal similarities and differences by appearances, growth, and internal attributes. They move through animal centers examining similarities and differences of birds, fish, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
Teach your class about the necessities of life using the book Tillena Lou's Day in the Sun. After a teacher-read-aloud, students make puppets depicting different plants and animals from the story and illustrating the habitat in which they live. The puppets are shared with the class and facilitate a discussion about the similarities and differences between plants and animals. The lesson plan calls for a two-column chart to record ideas from the discussion, but consider using a Venn diagram to better highlight comparisons. As an extension, take a nature walk with your class and have them record different plants and animals they observe.
First graders compare animals. In this features and functions of animals lesson, 1st graders identify visual similarities and differences of animals. Students classify animals according to their visible characteristics.
Students write original plays based on supernatural explanations of existence. For this cultural creation myths lesson, students listen to five different stories about supernatural creation. Students record similarities and differences in these stories. Students write a 300 word essay about the basic elements in these stories and then work in groups to write a play and perform it.
Use a familiar song and adorable baby animal pictures to teach youngsters about genetic variation. Begin by listening to "Twelve Variations on 'Ah vous dirai-je Maman,'" which you will need to find online (there are several versions available). Have kids listen for similarities and differences. Next, show the class the pictures of adult animals and their offspring. Using rhythms, the learners will then identify similarities and differences between the adult and baby animals. Use the included rubric to assess understanding.
Young scholars investigate properties and characteristics of common objects and people.  In this similarities and differences instructional activity, students practice observation skills by playing a game recognizing differences.  Young scholars select a partner then face each other.  Then, students turn away from the partner and change one thing about themselves.  Young scholars turn around and try to identify the change.
First graders investigate how human needs (i.e., food, clothing, shelter, language, artistic expressions) in Mexico are met in similar and different ways from those in the United States.
Students compare and contrast similarities and differences between Canada and the US.  In this geography lesson, students read various articles and identify similarities and differences in economies, cultures, geography, climate, and systems of government between the US and Canada.
Students examine modern culture and compare it to other cultures around the world. They focus on items, such as computers and soda cans, that are prominent parts of their culture. They draw pictures of themselves and their parents in their daily lives
Parents and children tend to look alike, but they are also very different. Little learners examine the similarities and differences found in various adult/infant animal pairs. They discuss what full-grown and infant animals look like, and then play a matching game where they match adult animals to their babies. After the game, youngsters draw and/or write a sentence describing what they've learned.
Students use photographs to create an understanding of cultural landscapes. They are asked, "What do these photographs reveal about the local culture?"
Eleventh graders participate in a lecture on the history of Latin Americans and the role of Latin-American women writers. As a class, they read a story together and identify what lessons the narrator gained throughout the story. In groups, they examine the author's life and compare it to their own. To end the lesson, they use the internet to research various aspects of Latino culture.
Students explore the various cultures of North America. They examine the differences and similarities between an immigrant's homeland and the culture of Central Kentucky. Students discuss strategies to make the transition easier for immigrants today.
Seventh graders explore the structure of a story. They identify the beginning, middle, and end. Students analyze the literary techniques of foreshadowing, simile, metaphor, personification, and idioms in Gary Paulsen's novel, The Transall Saga. They analyze what it is like to be part of a different culture.
In this same, similar and different worksheet, students complete sentences about given shapes, comparing them using the above phrases. Students then complete sentences using either like or alike.

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