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Soil Type Teacher Resources
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Ninth graders gain understanding of five different soil types by actively observing samples and identifying them, manipulate digitized soil maps found in Eastern North Carolina Digital Library, participate in scavenger hunt using Internet and primary source document to investigate "official state soil" of North Carolina, and locate information about soil types found in Martin County, North Carolina.
Students become familiar with soil types and how land can be used. In this land resources lesson plan, students discuss which areas are good for specific crops and the importance of the climate in those areas. Students create a list of ways land can be used. Students study a map key to understand soil types.
Students name three general kinds of soil: sand, silt and clay. They explain how percolation rates differ with the soil type. Students name two characteristics of wetland soils. They test soils to demonstrate how soil texture affects percolation rates and will'become' soil particles to experience soil types in an imaginary flower pot.
Pupils investigate soil types by texturing soil samples and determining the different soil types. They conduct a dirt shake activity, determining the amount of silt in a quart jar filled with dirt and water. Students then answer discussion questions, complete a soil texture by feel activity, and complete a worksheet.
Introduce the topic of water conservation with a little drama. Dressed as snowflakes, hail stones, or rain drops class members dramatize the events in a narration of the water cycle. The series of lessons that follow focus on conservation techniques, hot springs and geysers, ground water, water pollution, and soil types. Activities, follow-ups, and extensions are included in each detailed plan.
Students discover how seed germination varies according to the soil type. In this soil science lesson, students discuss what plants need in order to grow and investigate various types of soil. Students use their senses to describe each soil type and predict what soil will germinate the most seeds. After three weeks, students observe the growth of the seeds and complete the included experiment worksheet.
Earth science learners experiment with the water-holding properties of sand, pebbles, and clay. They apply their findings to the building of a well. This activity is engaging and tactile, and it demonstrates the importance of considering soil type during construction. Follow-up with a discussion of other situations in which soil type would be pertinent.
An anticipatory slide suggests personal benefits from gardening. Then the presentation goes into choosing a location, considering soil type, the use of fertilizers, and the variety of crops available to choose from. If you are teaching an agriculture course, a horticulture elective, or are simply in charge of the school's garden, this is a great gadget for preparing your team to plant a vegetable patch. One small correction should be made, however; correct the title on slides six and seven to read, "Soil Types."
Second graders experiment with different types of soil to find the texture. In this types of soil experiment, shake a jar of soil and water and record the settling of the soil. Students record again after 3-4 hours and note the level of silt. After a few days students observe again and then have student measure the textures using the texture triangle. Discuss student observations about the soil.