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Soil Teacher Resources
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There are so many things to learn about the environment, you can study trees, rocks, water, and soil. Budding conservationists engage in a whole group discussion on how humans use soil, rocks, and trees and how we need to replace or conserve the things we use. This extensive and well-designed lesson works through a series of active learning experiences that culminate in the planting of a tree on the school grounds. It is an excellent lesson that can be used in part, or as a whole, as it addresses many different concepts.
In this composition of soil learning exercise, students study the make-up of soil by identifying the amount of air in the soil, the amount of water in the soil, the size of the mineral grains in the soil and the proportion of humus in the soil. Students follow directions to determine the amount of each component of the soil and answer 2 analysis questions.
Fourth graders study the components of soil. They observe the basic components of soil and relate the components to plant growth. They record color, texture, and kinds of materials on their profile log (light color, denser, grittier - more stones and pebbles, little or no organic matter).
Students explore the porosity of soil. In this soil lesson plan, students conduct an experiment which shows the porosity of different types of soil. They use sand, silt, and clay to see how soil particles are more or less aerated and thus good, or not so good, for planting crops.
Learners investigate soil temperatures. In this graphing and earth science lesson, students insert temperature probes into different types of soil at varying depths. Learners complete a data chart and construct a related graph illustrating the varying temperatures based on type of soil and depth of the temperature probe.
Fourth graders examine layers of soil through observation and describe how these layers are deposited over time. In this stories in the soil activity, 4th graders observe soil samples. Students retell a story by creating layers caused by changes to the Earth's surface. Students then summarize specific information about layers in order to tell the history of a place.
Fifth graders examine how sand and rock fragments in soil are products of erosion or the weathering of rocks. They listen to the book "Sand" by Ellen J. Prager and answer discussion questions. Next, they analyze sand samples and sort the sand grains into groups based on a variety of characteristics.
Students discover what are the components of soil. They examine how it is formed and it's importance. They engage in garden activities and processes. They hold a handful of garden soil and describe what they see. They take a combination of materials- sand, silt, organic material, water and combine them to make their own soil.