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Soil Teacher Resources
Find teacher approved Soil educational resource ideas and activities
Students are introduced to the water cycle and water movement in soil. In this water cycle activity, students explore how water moves through the water cycle and discuss water sources, natural reservoirs, soil infiltration rates and contaminantion. Through a teacher demonstration students observe the water infiltration rate of two different types of soil.
Students comprehend the basics of soil testing. They relate the use of grids and plotting to soil samples. Students comprehend how contaminants flow through soil. They discuss factors such as: slope of the pan, time, and the amount of water effects the flow of the contaminate.
Students examine the relationship between water retention and plant growth by conducting two experiments. They first compare the water retention qualities of clay, sand and loam soil types. Then they use the data from the first experiment to design the second plant growth and soil type experiment.
Students collect weed seeds from three varieties of weeds (knapweed, thistle, or toadflax, for example they may choose others in addition to the spotted knapweed.) They sterilize soil for thirty containers, plant seeds in sterile soil, and mix vinegar with distilled water and label the container (25 mL vinegar and add distilled water to the 1,000 mL mark so the total volume equals 1,000 mL or 1 L).
Learners are introduced to the idea of soil as a habitat for many different organisms. They are introduced to the links between the biological adaptations of an organism and the physical demands of its habitat. Pupils are introduced to the identification of various soil and aquatic organisms.
Fourth graders study the components of soil. They observe the basic components of soil and relate the components to plant growth. They record color, texture, and kinds of materials on their profile log (light color, denser, grittier - more stones and pebbles, little or no organic matter).