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Subordinating Conjunctions Teacher Resources
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Characteristics of dependent and independent clauses are the focus of this language arts lesson. High schoolers take notes on specific definitions and traits of clauses and their correct grammatical use. This lesson provides links to several other specific grammar lessons.
Need a quick assessment of whether or not your young grammarians understand subordinate clauses and fragments? While the rules are reviewed and examples given, the terms are not defined and no directions accompany the 10 sentences learners must rewrite. An answer key is provided.
Ice skating, music, hiking, and astronauts - what do they have in common? The four Houghton-Mifflin stories featured in this lesson ("Michelle Kwan," "La Bamba," "The Fear Place," and "Mae Jemison") show pupils that in order to be successful, you have to "give it all you've got!" The lesson details ways to practice listening and speaking ELD standards, as well as reading and writing ELD standards. The lesson is differentiated for three skill levels.
Based on three Houghton-Mifflin stories ("Amelia Earhart: First Lady of Flight," "The Girl Who Married the Moon," and "Dinosaur Ghosts"), learners complete oral language activities to practice their literacy skills. Sentences frames for Beginning, Intermediate, and Advanced learners (as well as differentiated vocabulary lists) allow them to reinforce their grammar and sentence structure.
Take a calming walk through nature in this ELD lesson. With three Houghton-Mifflin stories ("Henry and Mudge and the Starry Night," "Exploring Parks with Ranger Dockett," "Around the Pond"), readers compare and contrast details, as well as separate fact from opinion. Differentiated instruction between Beginning, Intermediate, and Advanced levels provides increasingly challenging reading and writing ELD standards.
Three stories about nature and the outdoors from Houghton-Mifflin ("The Forest," "Butterfly," and "Johnny Appleseed") support this lesson, which focuses on description, summary, and drawing conclusions. The lesson is differentiated into three different skill levels with three different sets of vocabulary and sentence frames.
Explore the ocean and the woods with this ELD lesson, which involves three Houghton Mifflin short stories ("Nights of the Pufflings," "Seal Surfer," and "Two Days in May"). Your third graders will enjoy reading about animals in their natural habitats, and will be quick to learn the necessary vocabulary. The lesson addresses three listening and speaking ELD standards, as well as reading and writing ELD standards, and is differentiated into Beginning, Intermediate, and Advanced levels.
Make connections in these three Houghton-Mifflin stories ("Lost Temple of the Aztecs," "The Great Wall," and "The Royal Kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay"). Not only will your English learners be able to practice their literary analysis and writing skills, but they will enjoy the stories about history and world culture. The lesson is differentiated into Beginning, Intermediate, and Advanced levels.
Three coming-of-age Houghton-Mifflin stories (an excerpt from Where the Red Fern Grows, as well as "Last Summer with Maizon," and "The Challenge") show your ELD pupils the trials and tribulations of growing up. Differentiated sentence frames incorporate vocabulary and conventions, as well as practicing literary skills from ELD standards.
Write short stories in which events are presented in logical order, point of view is clear, theme and characters are developed. Middle schoolers also work on sensory language, concrete language and/or dialogue. They establish their setting as some time in the future, and capitalization, grammar, spelling, and punctuation have been used correctly, including the use of ellipses.
Bears, fireflies, and Frog and Toad come together in this ELD lesson, which is based on a collection of Houghton-Mifflin stories ("Two Greedy Bears," "Fireflies for Nathan," and "The Hat (Frog and Toad)"). Three differentiated levels provide vocabulary lists and sentence frames based on beginning, intermediate, and advanced skills. Learners practice making predictions, sequencing events, and retelling stories as they complete the given sentence frames.