Text Structures Teacher Resources

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Work on identifying text structure with this thorough worksheet. After studying a diagram depicting six different text structures (compare/contrast, spatial, chronological, problem and solution, cause and effect, and order of importance/sequence), middle schoolers read 11 passages, determine the text structure, and put the text into the appropriate graphic organizer. Use this lesson to work on comparing and contrasting text structures. What does each provide? What is the purpose of each?
Students gain a strong foundation for reading, writing, and using nonfiction through this lesson. They gain an awareness and general understanding what text structures are. Students also identify and interpret what clues they can use to identify the text structure of a piece of writing.
Using text structure lesson plans can help students improve their understanding of what they read.
Students learn the five text structures.  In this reading and writing lesson, students learn what text structures are and what clues to use to identify them.  Students read Stopping a Toppling Tower and identify the text structure.
In this reading comprehension practice activity, students read a brief selection and then respond to 5 multiple choice questions regarding summarizing and text structure.
Students create a thematic booklet containing examples of different types of expository text structures. They explore a variety of expository text structures.
In this text structure worksheet, students read the story 'All About Trains' and answer the questions about text structure. Students answer 5 questions.
Middle schoolers work on comparing and contrasting different text structures with this project. First, they study an example of a sample page in a booklet, which they go on to use as a model. They complete a booklet with text structure, terms, and definitions. Terms include chronological, cause and effect, sequence/order of importance, spatial, and problem and solution.
Students explore the patterns of text structure to anticipate the kind of information that a reading might present. The lesson examines some of the components of reading writing and using nonfiction.
Explore text structure in a nonfiction guided reading lesson plan where readers, over a period of five days, examine the book Mount Everest. Individuals mark examples of nonfiction text structures with Post-it notes, define important vocabulary, take notes on the material, and share how a particular nonfiction text feature helped them to comprehend the text.
What does a text say? What does it do? Good readers use these questions to help them understand the structure of a problem/solution text. Model this approach by putting a copy of the included article on an overhead (or interactive white board). After completing a think-aloud in front of the class, engage learners in a guided practice activity. For independent practice, groups identify a problem and discuss two possible solutions before drafting their own problem/solution essay.
Young readers go through a brief passage about a brother and a sister to practice comparing and contrasting. After they read the story, they respond to five multiple choice questions that require them to compare and contrast and analyze text structure. A home activity can extend your literacy lesson.
In this author's purpose and text structure worksheet, students read the story 'Fighting the Floodwaters' and answer the questions about author's purpose or text structure. Students answer 5 questions.
Students recognize that science writing is organized in identifiable patterns called text structures. Understanding and using these different text structures help refine students' abilities to read and write in science.
Explore plot structure by analyzing text samples with writers. They define terms such as problem and solution, cause and effect, and story arc. They also identify the sequences used in modern stories by reading samples and determining their structure.
Compare and contrast two pieces of literature with this lesson. With the use of a Venn diagram, pupils make connections between literature and real-life situations. They practice skills of surveying a text looking for important details, as well as comparing two different text structures.
Identify literary devices (alliteration, repetition, allusion, etc.) that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. used in his "I Have a Dream" speech. Middle schoolers go on to identify the literarcy devices Malcolm X used in "The Ballot or the Bullet?" and analyze the effectiveness of the literary devices used in these speeches. Use this lesson to compare text structures within a genre.
Middle schoolers study the text structure of a biography with this worksheet. They practice comprehension strategies through reading breaks and discussion, and apply comprehension in group work. Use this lesson to compare and contrast the text structure of a biography and another written work.
What kinds of text structures do your middle schoolers see in your class? Identify three misconceptions they have about poetry with this lesson plan. Using the Internet, they gather information on a historical person of their choice. They use the information to write a bio-poem (a poem about themselves!) and share it with the class.
Examine the text structure of a memo with this worksheet. Eighth to twelfth graders decide if the purpose of a memo is to motivate an action or to provide information to the reader. They explore new vocabulary and make predictions prior to reading. Additionally, they demonstrate reading strategies and look for context clues.

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