Text Structures Teacher Resources
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Identifying Text Structure
Work on identifying text structure with this thorough learning exercise. After studying a diagram depicting six different text structures (compare/contrast, spatial, chronological, problem and solution, cause and effect, and order of importance/sequence), middle schoolers read 11 passages, determine the text structure, and put the text into the appropriate graphic organizer.
8th - 10th English Language Arts CCSS: Adaptable
Helping Students Understand Text Structures: Informational Problem/solution
What does a text say? What does it do? Good readers use these questions to help them understand the structure of a problem/solution text. Model this approach by putting a copy of the included article on an overhead (or interactive white board).
10th English Language Arts CCSS: Adaptable
Text Structure Booklet
Middle schoolers work on comparing and contrasting different text structures with this project. First, they study an example of a sample page in a booklet, which they go on to use as a model. They complete a booklet with text structure, terms, and definitions.
5th - 8th English Language Arts CCSS: Adaptable
Compare and contrast two pieces of literature with this lesson. With the use of a Venn diagram, pupils make connections between literature and real-life situations. They practice skills of surveying a text looking for important details, as well as comparing two different text structures.
8th - 12th English Language Arts CCSS: Adaptable
Compare and Contrast/Text Structure
Young readers go through a brief passage about a brother and a sister to practice comparing and contrasting. After they read the story, they respond to five multiple choice questions that require them to compare and contrast and analyze text structure.
4th - 6th English Language Arts
Teach Text Structure for Nonfiction
Students gain a strong foundation for reading, writing, and using nonfiction through this instructional activity. They gain an awareness and general understanding what text structures are. Students also identify and interpret what clues they can use to identify the text structure of a piece of writing.
2nd - 4th English Language Arts
Text Structure: Organizational Patterns
Explore plot structure by analyzing text samples with writers. They define terms such as problem and solution, cause and effect, and story arc. They also identify the sequences used in modern stories by reading samples and determining their structure.
4th - 8th English Language Arts
Integrated Unit on Grammar and Writing
Identify literary devices (alliteration, repetition, allusion, etc.) that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. used in his "I Have a Dream" speech. Middle schoolers go on to identify the literarcy devices Malcolm X used in "The Ballot or the Bullet?
8th - 10th Social Studies & History
What kinds of text structures do your middle schoolers see in your class? Identify three misconceptions they have about poetry with this lesson. Using the Internet, they gather information on a historical person of their choice. They use the information to write a bio-poem (a poem about themselves!
7th - 8th English Language Arts
Biographies: Reading Strategies and Sequencing
Middle schoolers study the text structure of a biography with this worksheet. They practice comprehension strategies through reading breaks and discussion, and apply comprehension in group work. Use this lesson to compare and contrast the text structure of a biography and another written work.
7th - 8th English Language Arts
Introducing the Memo
Examine the text structure of a memo with this worksheet. Eighth to twelfth graders decide if the purpose of a memo is to motivate an action or to provide information to the reader. They explore new vocabulary and make predictions prior to reading.
11th - Higher Ed 21st Century Skills
Explore text structure in a nonfiction guided reading lesson where readers, over a period of five days, examine the book Mount Everest. Individuals mark examples of nonfiction text structures with Post-it notes, define important vocabulary, take notes on the material, and share how a particular nonfiction text feature helped them to comprehend the text.
7th - 9th Science
Expressing Your Views to the Letter
Analyze the motivation, purpose, and value of letters to the editor by examining letters written in response to the violence at Columbine High School. For homework, middle and high schoolers write their own letters to the editor about an article titled "Suspect in L.
6th - 12th English Language Arts CCSS: Adaptable
Create a graphic autobiography integrating images and text. Working within the structure of the programs Comic Life and Photoshop, pupils integrate the Principles of Design. They focus on balance, rhythm, proportion, and text structure. The lesson provides assessment, differentiated instruction, and enrichment options.
6th - 8th Visual & Performing Arts
Using Text Features
Investigate a "table of contents" with your students! They read the table of contents in Deserts by Darlene R. Stille and predict where the answers to specific questions might be found. Learners complete a worksheet in which they find answers to questions and record the page number on which the answer can be located.
2nd - 3rd Science CCSS: Designed