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Text Structures Teacher Resources
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Work on identifying text structure with this thorough instructional activity. After studying a diagram depicting six different text structures (compare/contrast, spatial, chronological, problem and solution, cause and effect, and order of importance/sequence), middle schoolers read 11 passages, determine the text structure, and put the text into the appropriate graphic organizer. Use this lesson to work on comparing and contrasting text structures. What does each provide? What is the purpose of each?
Middle schoolers work on comparing and contrasting different text structures with this project. First, they study an example of a sample page in a booklet, which they go on to use as a model. They complete a booklet with text structure, terms, and definitions. Terms include chronological, cause and effect, sequence/order of importance, spatial, and problem and solution.
Explore text structure in a nonfiction guided reading lesson where readers, over a period of five days, examine the book Mount Everest. Individuals mark examples of nonfiction text structures with Post-it notes, define important vocabulary, take notes on the material, and share how a particular nonfiction text feature helped them to comprehend the text.
What does a text say? What does it do? Good readers use these questions to help them understand the structure of a problem/solution text. Model this approach by putting a copy of the included article on an overhead (or interactive white board). After completing a think-aloud in front of the class, engage learners in a guided practice activity. For independent practice, groups identify a problem and discuss two possible solutions before drafting their own problem/solution essay.
Compare and contrast two pieces of literature with this instructional activity. With the use of a Venn diagram, pupils make connections between literature and real-life situations. They practice skills of surveying a text looking for important details, as well as comparing two different text structures.
Identify format, text structure, and main idea with this literacy lesson. First, middle schoolers read two editorials (not included; you can use your choice of editorials). They complete one side of a graphic organizer, and then they share the information they used to complete the chart. Finally, they write a paragraph about how the writer's choice of examples and diction further his/her purpose.