Visually Impaired Teacher Resources
Find Visually Impaired educational ideas and activities
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Students determine the workings of the Braille alphabet and how people with visual impairments learn how to use it. In this Braille lesson, students study the associated vocabulary, read about Helen Keller, and complete associated worksheets about Braille.
Imagine you need to be a substitute teacher in a classroom that helps learners with visual impairments, and you have no idea where to start. Here is a complete, easy to follow, and insightful teaching guide to aid you in teaching English or ELA to your non-sighted students. Tips, techniques, online journal links, and links to teaching materials make this an excellent resource to get you started. Ideas for active engagement are outlined to help you understand your role as an educator of the blind.
First, next, and last, the elements of chronological order. In every story or text one can find a series of events that occur one after the other. To help learners with visual impairments conceptualize chronological order, this lesson employs a tactile representation. A text is read and the events are connected to the steps of a recipe. As they continue to read, they add more ingredients to the snack they are making. Note: The idea is good, but could use some refining. It may be better to have pupils make a tactile timeline to represent the chronological events in the text, instead.
Organization is of the utmost importance when teaching orientation and mobility to learners with visual impairments. To help keep everything in order and provide independence, use these instructions for making a desk organizer. The organizer is easy to construct and can accommodate everything your learners need to complete their work; a three-ringed binder, braille book, abacus, and whatever else. Tip: Incorporate a bit of self-expression by having each child use three-dimensional objects to decorate their organizers.
Being expressive in a creative, empathetic, or imaginative way is not only fun, it builds good pre-writing and communication skills. Learners with visual impairments have a roundtable discussion session where several sentence frames are used to elicit creative or expressive responses. They work on building their imagination and connecting to others.
When most children learn about prepositions, they are provided with a visual to show them the concepts of on, in, near, and beside. For learners with visual impairments, concepts need to be constructed in a very concrete way. A stuffed animal and a basket are used to convey each of the common prepositions. The children feel the position of the animal in relation to the basket and move it to a new position based on teacher's directions.
Independent living skills and skills that can be used to gain employment are very important for any learner. Teens with visual impairments explore the kitchen to understand what everything is and what it all does. The instructional activity includes a variety of ideas that will foster confidence and safety in the kitchen environment. Sequencing, motor development, and measurement are also covered in the instructional activity.
Make science a fully accessible subject for your learners with visual impairments. They'll use tactile models to explore the nature of basic electrical circuits. Template board, wires, batteries, and Velcro are used to construct the model; switches and a paper fan are used to convey how circuitry works. The student will flip the switch, follow the circuit with his hands, and then feel as the fan shows the electricity working.
Students read a book about people with visual impairments and identify objects that help them. In this visual impairments lesson plan, students learn and discuss how they communicate.
Whether your learners with visual impairments are beginning or advanced braille readers, they will gain experience and a knack for design with this lesson. Pupils use clay to make ceramic pieces, which they then decorate with braille letters. The final products will be works of art that can be appreciated with sight and touch.
In this world Braille day learning exercise, students read or listen to a passage about Louis Braille, then match phrases, fill in the blanks, choose the correct words, unscramble words and sentences, put sentences in order, write discussion questions and conduct a survey.
Read and discuss the book A Picture Book of Louis Braille as it relates to communication, Helen Keller, and advocating for disabled individuals. Learners identify what an advocate is and explain how Helen Keller communicated. They build vocabulary relating to the history of Braille code and complete a deciphering code worksheet.
Students explore practical information about visual impairment. They explore about the uses of seeing eye cane. Students explore the postive aspects about how people fucntion in spite of handicaps. They explore about helping others.
New Review Theo’s Story
Encourage your class to consider a beautiful short film about a boy named Theo who happens to be visually impaired. Over the course of the instructional activity, pupils work in pairs, discuss their ideas and the film as a class, view the film, take notes, respond to provided questions, examine Theo's character, and write a brief paragraph.
With a stylus and this activity sheet, your visually impaired or sighted learners can learn to braille full sentences. The worksheet provides several spaces full of empty braille dots. You give the words, and the kids color or emboss the appropriate dots. Note: This type of exercise is great for helping sighted learners understand peers with visual impairments.
Instructing blind or visually impaired learners means you need to make symbolic tactile representations of various processes to provide as much input as possible. But wouldn't it be even better to have your learners make the models instead? They create a three-dimensional model of the plant life cycle using symbolic tactile representations that show the changes from seed to plant and back again. This is a great lesson that can be used in a general or special educational setting.
Here is an excellent and well-developed lesson intended to promote choice-making skills for learners with visual impairment and intellectual disabilities. It fosters choice-making skills through a soft version of discrete trial training, which shifts into less structured practice as the child becomes more confident in making personal choices. The training is intended to teach learners to initiate activities during leisure time, as well as be able to ask for items using pictorial representations.
It's not just a worksheet, it's an opportunity to invite sighted learners to understand how braille works. Intended to introduce children to the wonders of braille, this worksheet requires them to label six simple objects by coloring in dots to represent braille letters. You can use the worksheet and a stylus to teach children with visual impairments how to write in braille, or you can use it as you integrate a child with visual impairments into a general education classroom. The answer sheet is included as an additional material.
I love planning parties, they are a great way to get social, require organizational skills, and engage cooperative problem solving. Teens with visual impairments put their heads together to plan an event for their friends. They choose an activity, work through the sequence of events needed to execute the event, and then make a to-do list in braille or with tactile objects. Each student takes responsibility for a job, gets it done, and then has a blast at his/her awesome event.
Keeping a daily journal is fun. It builds strong writing skills and provides an expressive outlet. For children with visual impairments, it's even more important. It provides a way for them to connect written word with real events, which can increase overall literary understanding. Kids of any age use a brailler, braille note-taker, or pen and paper to write what happened the day before. They take time each week to share their thoughts with the group.