Review the concept of cause and effect with this colorful and easy to understand presentation. This series of slides enforces the concept of cause and effect by offering a variety of examples. A great way to get your students thinking.

Resource Details

Number of Slides

What Caused What?

Second graders consider cause and effect relationships as they read a passage about a cat named Petespaw. They discuss cause and effect as a class, read the provided passage, then finish five sentences by writing in the effect of each given cause. 

Comprehension: Identify cause and effect relationship in text

I do, we do, you do is the method and delivery of this instructional activity on cause and effect relationships in text. Second grade readers work with their teacher, then their peers, and finally on their own to read, identify cause and relationship, then find evidence for the relationship. Cause and effect organizers and a full teacher's script is included.

Cause and Effect Relationships

Judith Viorst's book Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day is an excellent way to teach youngsters about cause-and-effect relationships in fiction. Use the chart of cause-and-effect situations to introduce this concept, asking kids to come up with personal examples (i.e. "I ran around the whole lunch recess, so I am tired"). After reading half of the text aloud, model how this relationship can be found in the story with the pre-done matching worksheet (consider re-writing it onto chart paper). There is another matching worksheet for the end of the story that kids can complete as practice. For pre-readers, do this together. Explore the word cavity using the simple prompts, which can easily to applied to other vocabulary.

Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters -- Identifying Cause and Effect Relationships

Second graders work in groups to pair cause and effect statements about a the story "Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters." They use Inspiration software's Matching template to link cause and effect.

Introduce: Cause and Effect

Introduce beginning readers to cause and effect in a story by exploring it together. Learners make predictions about a book based on its cover, title, and a brief flip through the pages. They listen to an explanation of cause and effect before applying these ideas to a book you read together. Encourage them to notice key words such as because, so, or as a result. As they listen, learners share causes and effects they hear in the story, and you write them on a large chart. Use the finished list to connect causes and effects and explore relationships within the book.


Learners explore cause and effect. In this reading comprehension instructional activity, students define and describe examples of "cause and "effect." Learners listen to Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes and contribute examples of cause and effect illustrated in the story to add to a cause and effect classroom chart.


Things usually don't happen without a reason; usually any event has a cause that got the ball rolling. The book, If You Give a Mouse a Muffin is used to help learners understand the concept of causes in literature. Examples from the story are charted and discussed through whole group instruction and then practiced individually with an accompanying worksheet.

Lesson 3: Cause and Effect Relationships

The Gunniwolf is a book full of events that get kids asking why and what. They note several events on a chart, and then discuss how they think the instructor is able to determine the causes and effects they find. They continue reading the story and choose one event to draw, they write a caption for their picture that explains what the cause and effect of the event is.


What makes someone cry? Little learners read the story,  Why Do You Cry?: Not a Sob Story by Kate Klise to discover a bit about crying and a bit about cause and effect. They'll fill out a cause and effect chart while they discuss and read the book in small groups. Note: If your teaching Common Core be sure to double check the standards listed, the lesson may not meet them all to the fullest extent.   

The Treaty Trail: Examining an Artist's Perspective

Elementary school leanrners examine artwork from the time period of the United States and Native American treaties. They discuss the causes and effects of the treaties being signed. They also examine how cultural perspective influences art.

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