Overview: Free community helpers lesson plan for early elementary school. Learners review previously studied community helpers and their jobs in the community, matching helper to task.
Subject: Social Studies: Cultural & Social Studies
Grades: Kindergarten, 1st, 2nd
Duration: 1 hour
Related Concepts: Community, Careers
Objectives:Students will be able to:
- Demonstrate their knowledge of community helpers and their tasks with a brief oral presentation.
Essential Questions: Who are community helpers? What do community helpers do? What do community helpers look like?
Context: Use this lesson after a unit on Community Helpers and their respective jobs, or as a review of these concepts.
Vocabulary: community, community helper, emergency, public, ambulance
Common Core Standards Addressed:
- ELA: Speaking & Listening
- SL.K.1, SL.K.3, SL.K.4, SL.K.5, SL.K.6
- SL.1.1, SL.1.3, SL.1.4, SL.1.5, SL.1.6
- SL.2.1, SL.2.3, SL.2.4, SL.2.6
- Manipulative (5x5 line drawing pictures of studied community helpers performing their jobs—1 per child)
- Reading Passage
- Art Supplies (Crayons, markers, colored pencils)
- Display Area (whiteboard, poster board, bulletin board, etc.)
Create or duplicate one 5x5 illustration of previously-studied community helpers performing various related tasks per student. Create or duplicate "ID cards" showing specific helpers and other "scenario" cards showing situations where a community helper is needed. Designate or set up an open area to be the "staging area" for the parade at the end of the lesson.
- Introduction/Direct Instruction:
Ask the students to list community helpers studied previously, or brainstorm a list of community helpers. For each one listed, tell at least one activity or part of the job.
- Guided Practice:
Give each student a 5x5 illustration to color. When all are finished, have each student come to the display, add their picture, identify the community helper, and describe the action in 1-2 sentences.
- Independent Practice (Centers):
Put students into workgroups of 2-3 students. Assign each group a specific community helper. Provide an ID card if needed. Each workgroup should develop a riddle or a skit depicting the community helper at work, without naming the helper. Example Riddle: I ride in a big truck. I use a ladder sometimes. I help keep the community safe. What am I? (Firefighter). Example Skit: One student pretends to be sick or injured, one student helps, and one student drives (ambulance workers).
- Closure: Have a helper parade. Have student groups line up in order and march around the room as a parade. Stop the parade so the first group can "perform" at the designated area, doing their skit or presenting their riddle. March around the room again, and allow the next group to perform, and so on.
Present the group with a scenario that needs a community helper (can be oral or visual). Have volunteers choose the correct "ID card" to show which helper would be needed. Make sure everyone gets a turn to respond.
- Students who struggle to master abstract concepts can use the ID cards and scenario cards to play matching games, such as Memory.
- Advanced students can write or dictate (and illustrate) a story involving community helpers.
English learners can compare the English names for the community helpers to the names in their native languages. Look for similarities and differences in the words.