Overview: Free Frindle worksheets for 3rd, 4th and 5th Grade for Word Play and Creation. Use a vocabulary lesson as a companion to the novel Frindle by Andrew Clements. Learners examine how words are defined and added to the English language and create their own words in the same way.
Subject: ELA: Grammar, Spelling & Vocabulary; Social Studies & History: Cultural & Social Studies
Grades: 3rd, 4th, 5th
Duration: 2 hours
Related Concepts: Dictionary Skills, Word Meaning, Reading Comprehension
Students will be able to:
- Identify how words are added to the dictionary.
- Create their own word in the vein of Nick in the novel Frindle.
Essential Questions: How do words become part of the English language?
Vocabulary: oxford dictionary, word parts, popularity, campaign
Common Core Standards Addressed:
- ELA: Language
- L.3.1, 4, 5
- L.4.1, 4, 5
- L.5.1, 4, 5
- Reading Passage from Frindle
- Class set of dictionaries (or enough for groups)
- Internet access
- Projection system
- Audio equipment
Watch a video to quickly gain information as to how words are added to the dictionary.
Show an image of a complete Oxford Dictionary (or bring in an example) to help students visualize just how many words are in the dictionary. Demonstrate how the term "google" changed from a noun and a company name to a verb. We now say "google it" instead of "search for it." The teacher may select another word he or she is familiar with to illustrate the process.
Students brainstorm other examples of words that have seeped into our language (examples are tweet, hashtag, kleenex, etc.). The teacher should draw a parallel between Shakespeare inventing words we commonly use that didn't exist before such as "football" and then allow students to invent their own word. Have students share the history of the word (why it was used and when), the part of speech, and an example of how to use it in a sentence.
Place students into small groups and encourage them to create their own word. Once they create their own word, students must create a visual representation, a description, determine the part of speech, use it in a sentence and then create a plan for how to help their word gain in popularity.
Finally, students should engage in a classroom discussion about something arbitrary like how to make the best sandwich in order to practice using their new word. This discussion serves as an opportunity for the teacher to observe and assess the viability and thought that has gone into the words selection and creation.
Prompt learners to turn in an exit ticket using their new word (or another group's word) in a sentence.
- Observe how groups work together to create their own word; assess speaking and listening skills according to discussion participation and presentation quality.
- English language learners:
Partners or small groups.
Verbally communicating idea if writing is a challenge (use of flipgrid, whole class, small group, or one-on-one presentation to teacher)
Teacher model using a Shakespeare word.
Templates or frames for word description.
- Advanced readers:
- Assign the novel as independent reading; have class members note the made-up words as they go.
Students could create a whole campaign to promote their word and have it nominated to the Oxford Dictionary.
Play a guessing game for other groups to guess the words' meanings based on context clues from given sentences.