Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning

Working on logic in your class? Take a moment for some quick practice with this learning exercise. Learners identify the facts and conclusions in several examples, and explain why one conclusion is flawed. Both inductive and deductive reasoning are demonstrated here.

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Instructional Ideas

  • Since this is such a quick exercise, it would be great for a homework assignment or warm-up activity
  • Prepare your class for a unit on detective fiction or Sherlock Holmes with an examination of deductive reasoning
  • Complete the first example together to show your class the process, and then invite pupils to do the rest on their own
  • After finishing the exercise, move on to a more complex informational text, and analyze it for logical fallacies
Pros

  • Includes definitions of inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning at the top of the page
  • Provides several examples to pick apart
Cons

  • Answer key is not included