Introduce: Summarizing Narrative Text
K - 3rd
When scholars re-tell a story, do they boil it down to important details in a logical order? Practice summarizing narratives using this think-aloud strategy, which is scripted here for your convenience. After explaining why this is an important skill, model it using a familiar story. There is emphasis here on segmenting the beginning, middle, and end of a text, using the main details to find a theme or message. The recommended text is a fable, so finding the message will be a bit more clear. Pupils try this on their own after watching you. Although there isn't much here, it's a solid way to introduce this skill with scaffolded steps.
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Introduce: Summarizing Informational Text Using About Trees
Summarizing is an excellent reading comprehension strategy; learners use the informational text About Trees (linked for printing) to put this skill to use. Model through a think-aloud as you read a section of the book and scholars read along with you. You can use the script here or speak naturally, but be sure to voice your thinking to the class. This is an excellent time to demonstrate note taking and finding main ideas. Assign a paragraph to partners, then have them share what the main idea was. You'll find a guide to all three paragraphs from this section to help structure discussion.
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Introduce: Comprehension Strategy: Comprehension Monitoring
Help readers develop awareness of comprehension issues and employ tools for better understanding. The best way to begin this strategy is to model it through a think aloud. Choose a book scholars will also be reading, preferably one they will easily engage in. Read until you reach a point that requires a fix-up strategy, explaining aloud what you are doing to aid comprehension. Consider displaying the five strategies listed here for reference. Use the resources to guide readers in this process; they record their strategies in a T-chart or bookmarks. Encourage debriefing so scholars can share the various techniques they used.
Introduce: Comprehension Monitoring using About Trees
As scholars begin reading more difficult text, they need to acquire an arsenal of comprehension strategies. Here are few helpful ones to guide new readers through the informational text About Trees, which is linked here for printing. This text is an excellent resource to investigate text features, and you conduct a think-aloud as you read through particularly confusing parts. It's important here to explain your thinking; what don't you understand? What are your techniques? They focus on context clues and rereading as "fix-up strategies" and record the various times they apply these techniques on a graphic organizer.
Introduce: Summarizing Narrative Text with the Fable the Tortoise and the Eagle
There is a valuable lesson revealed in the fable The Tortoise and the Eagle, and scholars examine it as they learn about theme, summarizing, and main ideas. The text is included here; read it once for learners to understand the whole story before demonstrating summary through a think aloud. There is a script here for this if you need it. Emphasize breakdown of the story into beginning, middle, and end, finishing by paraphrasing the author's main message. There are discussion questions here to prompt learners into deeper connections with the text before they try summarizing a fable on their own. Consider challenging the class to write their own fables and summarize a partner's writing.
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