The 5 Types of Text Structure

Developing an informational text is like designing a building—if the structure is weak, it will not stand. The second video in a four-part Language Arts playlist provides an overview of the five types of text structure. A catchy song and specific examples help give a short overview of each structure, including compare and contrast, cause and effect, description, sequence, and problem and solution.

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CCSS: Adaptable
Instructional Ideas

  • Share paragraphs or short excerpts from texts that model different types of text structure and have learners identify the structure
  • Brainstorm a topic for an essay, and then come up with ideas for a paper that fits each type of text structure (i.e; a paper on baseball might describe the basics of baseball, compare and contrast the two different leagues, explain the cause and effect of playing for a travel team, etc.)
Classroom Considerations

  • Loosely connects to Common Core by introducing text structure, but does not delve into analysis
  • Assumes knowledge of basic sentence structure and parts of speech

  • Shows the words to the song on the screen while the video plays
  • Includes fun images to make the video more interesting to viewers

  • Moves somewhat quickly, and some examples get lost in the beat