Understanding the -ED Ending

English is a complex language, so take some time to clarify one aspect that is often confusing for English language learners: the -ed ending. This resource includes information about the different ways the -ed ending is used and provides seven exercises with answer keys.

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Instructional Ideas

  • Print out the information pages for students to use as reference materials
  • Since the exercises are basic and fairly simple, use them as warm-up activities or homework assignments
Classroom Considerations

  • While this provides an introduction to the concepts and some practice, you'll likely want to add in practice that requires learners to use the -ed ending in original ways (conversation practice, writing their own sentences, etc.) 
Pros

  • See the materials for additional online exercises and notes for working with the -ed ending and various verb tenses
  • Answer keys are included
Cons

  • None